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Blood Test For Cervical Cancer

Main Test For Cervical Cancer

Do-it-yourself cervical cancer tests for Australians | 7NEWS

If you have abnormal cells in your cervix, which could mean you have cervical cancer, you’ll usually be referred for a test to have a closer look at your cervix. This is called a colposcopy.

You’ll be asked to undress from the waist down, behind a screen. You’ll be given a sheet to put over you.

During a colposcopy:

  • The specialist nurse or doctor will ask you to lie back on a bed, usually with your legs bent, feet together and knees apart.
  • A microscope with a light at the end is used to look at your cervix. The microscope stays outside your body.
  • The nurse or doctor will usually put a liquid on your cervix to show any abnormal areas.
  • A small sample of cells may be collected to send to a laboratory.
  • The test should take around 15 to 30 minutes.

    It should not be painful, but you may find it uncomfortable. Talk to the nurse or doctor if you’re feeling uncomfortable.

    If you had a biopsy, you may have a small amount of bleeding or cramping afterwards.

    Side Effects Of Radiation Treatments

    If your doctor suggests radiation treatment, ask what side effects might happen. Side effects depend on the type of radiation thats used. The most common side effects of radiation are:

    • Skin changes where the radiation is given
    • Feeling very tired

    Most side effects get better after treatment ends. Some might last longer. Talk to your cancer care team about what you can expect.

    Who’s Affected By Cervical Cancer

    Following the success of the NHS Cervical Screening Programme and the early detection of cell changes, the number of cervical cancer cases in the UK has reduced. Around 3,000 cases of cervical cancer are diagnosed in the UK each year.

    It’s possible for women of all ages to develop cervical cancer, but the condition mainly affects sexually active women aged between 30 and 45. Cervical cancer is very rare in women under 25.

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    When Should I Call My Doctor

    You should call your healthcare provider if you believe your lifestyle increases your risk for HPV.

    A note from Cleveland Clinic

    This may be your experience when its time for your regular Pap smear: You have your test, wait for results and breathe a sigh of relief when your results show youre fine. So its understandable if youre reluctant to add an HPV test to your list of regular and stress-inducing wellness tests.

    No one welcomes news they have a sexually transmitted infection, much less one that can cause cervical cancer. But just like Pap smears, HPV tests are key to detecting cancer before it can take root and spread. And an HPV test can keep you from spreading a virus to someone else. If you arent regularly tested for HPV, ask your healthcare provider to add the test to your regular screening tests. Theyll be glad to explain how HPV tests are done and when you should get yours.

    Last reviewed by a Cleveland Clinic medical professional on 11/16/2021.

    References

    Cleveland Clinic is a non-profit academic medical center. Advertising on our site helps support our mission. We do not endorse non-Cleveland Clinic products or services.Policy

    Cleveland Clinic is a non-profit academic medical center. Advertising on our site helps support our mission. We do not endorse non-Cleveland Clinic products or services.Policy

    Who Are The Prominent Players In The Global Cervical Cancer Diagnostic Tests Market

    Screening for cervical cancer

    Electronics Industry Expert in Maximize Market Research pvt.ltd

    Cervical Cancer Screening Market Overview:

    MMRs research study for the Cervical Cancer Screening market implies numerous segments relating to usually up-to-date business facts and industry future examples, all of which are carefully assessed and examined. The Cervical Cancer Screening report 2021 is organised by manufacturer, kind, application, and area. The researcher forecasts the data for the projected time period using primary and secondary data using a top-down and bottom-up strategy . This investigation methodology was used to investigate the global Cervical Cancer Screening request, and the results were rationally mentioned in this report.

    The Cervical Cancer Screening Market Segmentation:

    Based on Test Type, Pap test held a majority share of 5.1% of the segment in 2021. The Pap test is used to detect abnormal cells in the cervix that could later develop into cancer. Due to the great efficiency of this test, it accounts for the highest share. Furthermore, the increased awareness of early detection helps to the segments growth.

    Regional Insights on Cervical Cancer Screening market:

    North America

    Europe

    Asia Pacific

    Middle East & Africa

    South America

    Key players:

    List of Key Players:

    Cardinal Health

    Cervical Cancer Screening Market research report offers:

    About Us:

    MAXIMIZE MARKET RESEARCH PVT. LTD.

    Pune Banglore Highway,

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    When To Seek Medical Advice

    You should contact your GP if you experience:

    • bleeding after sex
    • bleeding outside of your normal periods
    • new bleeding after the menopause

    Vaginal bleeding is very common and can have a wide range of causes, so it doesn’t necessarily mean you have cervical cancer. However, unusual vaginal bleeding is a symptom that needs to be investigated by your GP.

    Questions To Ask The Doctor

    • What treatment do you think is best for me?
    • Whats the goal of this treatment? Do you think it could cure the cancer?
    • Will treatment include surgery? If so, who will do the surgery?
    • What will the surgery be like?
    • Will I be able to have children after surgery?
    • Will I need other types of treatment, too?
    • Whats the goal of these treatments?
    • What side effects could I have from these treatments?
    • Will the treatment put me into menopause early?
    • Will my sex life change after treatment?
    • What can I do about side effects that I might have?
    • Is there a clinical trial that might be right for me?
    • What about special vitamins or diets that friends tell me about? How will I know if they are safe?
    • How soon do I need to start treatment?
    • What should I do to be ready for treatment?
    • Is there anything I can do to help the treatment work better?
    • Whats the next step?

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    Tests For Cervical Cancer

    Finding cervical cancer often starts with an abnormal HPV or Pap test result. This will lead to further tests which can diagnose cervical cancer or pre-cancer. The Pap test and HPV test are screening tests, not diagnostic tests. They cannot tell for certain if you have cervical cancer. An abnormal Pap test or HPV test result may mean more testing is needed to see if a cancer or a pre-cancer is present.

    Cervical cancer may also be suspected if you have symptoms like abnormal vaginal bleeding or pain during sex. Your primary doctor or gynecologist often can do the tests needed to diagnose pre-cancers and cancers and may also be able to treat a pre-cancer.

    If there is a diagnosis of invasive cancer, your doctor should refer you to a gynecologic oncologist, a doctor who specializes in cancers of women’s reproductive systems.

    What If Its Cancer

    New cancer detection blood test may find hard to detect cancers

    If your biopsy shows you have cervical cancer, the next step is to see if it has spread, and where. Your doctor might order one or more of these tests:

    Cystoscopy and proctoscopy. These tests both use a lighted tube to see if the cancer has spread into your bladder and rectum.

    CT scan. This powerful X-ray can show your doctor if your cancer has spread to your lymph nodes, liver, lungs, or other parts of your body.

    MRI. Your doctor might use an MRI to get very detailed images of the inside of your body. An MRI can find cancer that has spread to your pelvis, brain, or spinal cord.

    Chest X-ray. A chest X-ray will look to see if cancer has spread to your lungs.

    Positron emission tomography . Your doctor might order a PET scan if they think your cancer has spread but isnât sure where. It uses a type of radioactive sugar that cancer cells absorb. A special camera can spot the cells that have absorbed the sugar.

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    How Do I Prepare For A Blood Test

    Your healthcare provider will give you specific instructions on how to prepare for your blood test. The instructions may differ depending on the type of test and other bloodwork youre having at the same time.

    You may have to fast for eight to 12 hours. That means you shouldnt eat or drink anything besides water. You also may have to avoid certain medications beforehand.

    Do I Need A Pap Smear If I’ve Had A Hysterectomy

    A total hysterectomy is a surgical procedure to remove your uterus and cervix. You may still be at risk for cervical cancer, so talk to your healthcare provider to make sure you can stop having regular Pap tests.

    If you had a complete hysterectomy to treat a noncancerous problem, such as uterine fibroids, you probably wont need Pap smears.

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    Cervical Cancer Control: A Comprehensive Approach

    The Global strategy towards eliminating cervical cancer as a public health problem,adopted by the World Health Assembly in 2020, recommends a comprehensive approach to cervical cancer prevention and control. The recommended actions include interventions across the life course.

    The life-course approach for cervical cancer prevention and control

    Primary prevention

    Girls 9-14 years

    • HPV vaccination
    From 30 years of age for women from the general population and 25 years of age for women living with HIV All women as needed
    Girls and boys should also be offered, as appropriate

    • Health information and warnings about tobacco use
    • Sex education tailored to age and culture
    • Condom promotion and provision for those engaged in sexual activity
    • Male circumcision
    • Screening with a high-performance test equivalent or better than HPV test
    • Followed by immediate treatment or as quickly as possible after an HPV molecular positive test.
    Treatment of invasive cancer at any age

    • Palliative care

    Cervical cancer prevention should encompass a multidisciplinary, including components from community education, social mobilization, vaccination, screening, treatment and palliative care.

    HPV vaccination

    Clinical trials and post-marketing surveillance have shown that HPV vaccines are safe and effective in preventing infections with HPV infections, high grade precancerous lesions and invasive cancer .

    Some countries have started to vaccinate boysas the vaccination prevents HPV related cancers in males as well as.

    Do You Need A Pap Smear If You’re Not Sexually Active

    What is Pap Smear and How is It Done?

    Not all cervical cancers are caused by being sexually active. Even if you are not having sex, you still need a Pap smear if youre over the age of 21.

    A note from Cleveland Clinic

    Pap smears are a critical tool for detecting irregular cells in your cervix that may lead to cervical cancer. Check with your healthcare provider if you are between 21 and 65 to make sure you are up to date on your Pap smears. Early detection of precancerous or cancerous cells on your cervix can increase your chances of successful treatment.

    Last reviewed by a Cleveland Clinic medical professional on 06/12/2022.

    References

    • American Cancer Society. The Pap Test. Accessed 6/12/2022.
    • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Cervical Cancer: What Should I Know About Screening? Accessed 6/12/2022.
    • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Genital HPV Infection Fact Sheet. Accessed 6/12/2022.
    • National Cancer Institute. Biopsy. Accessed 6/12/2022.
    • Planned Parenthood. Whats a Pap test? Accessed 6/12/2022.
    • U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Office on Women’s Health. Pap and HPV Tests. Accessed 6/12/2022.
    • Women’s Health. Why Do I Need a Pap and HPV Test? Accessed 6/12/2022.

    Cleveland Clinic is a non-profit academic medical center. Advertising on our site helps support our mission. We do not endorse non-Cleveland Clinic products or services.Policy

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    Living With Cervical Cancer

    The impact of cervical cancer on your daily life will depend on the stage of cancer and the treatment you’re having.

    Many women with cervical cancer have a radical hysterectomy. This is a major operation that takes around 6 to 12 weeks to recover from. During this time, you need to avoid strenuous tasks and lifting, such as lifting children or heavy shopping bags.

    You won’t be able to drive for 3 to 8 weeks after the operation. Most women will also need 8 to 12 weeks off work to recover after having a radical hysterectomy.

    Some of the treatments for cervical cancer can make you very tired, particularly chemotherapy and radiotherapy. Because of this, you may need to take a break from some of your normal activities for a while.

    Don’t be afraid to ask for practical help from family and friends if you need it. Practical help may also be available from your local authority. Ask your doctor or nurse about who to contact.

    Who Needs This Test

    An HPV test is very important for anyone who has a cervix, as almost all cervical cancer cases stem from whats called high-risk HPV infections. These infections cause pre-cancerous lesions and are more likely to become cervical cancer. Healthcare providers use HPV screening tests to find and remove these pre-cancerous lesions. Removing the pre-cancerous lesions means removing cancer.

    There are three approaches to HPV screening:

    • Primary HPV tests to detect high-risk HPV. These are Pap smears that only test for HPV.
    • Pap smears. These test for cervical cell changes.
    • HPV/Pal co-testing. Co-testing checks the same cells for cervical cell changes and high-risk HPV types.

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    About Tests For Cervical Cancer

    You may be referred for different tests if your healthcare professional usually your GP wants to find out the cause of any symptoms or you have had an abnormal cervical screening result.

    These tests will be used to find out:

    • whether you have cervical cancer
    • what type of cervical cancer it is
    • the stage of the cancer how big it is and if it has spread
    • the grade of the cancer what the cells look like and how they might behave
    • if treatment for cervical cancer has worked.

    The test results will help your healthcare team understand what treatment and support you need.

    Cystoscopy Proctoscopy And Examination Under Anesthesia

    HPV test may be better than Pap smears at detecting early cervical cancer: Study

    These are most often done in women who have large tumors. They are not necessary if the cancer is caught early.

    In a cystoscopy, a slender tube with a lens and a light is placed into the bladder through the urethra. This lets the doctor check your bladder and urethra to see if cancer is growing into these areas. Biopsy samples can be removed during cystoscopy for testing in the lab. Cystoscopy can be done under a local anesthetic, but some patients may need general anesthesia. Your doctor will let you know what to expect before and after the procedure.

    Proctoscopy is a visual inspection of the rectum through a lighted tube to look for spread of cervical cancer into your rectum.

    Your doctor may also do a pelvic exam while you are under anesthesia to find out if the cancer has spread beyond the cervix.

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    Should I Get A Pap Test If I Am On My Period

    Its best to avoid having a Pap test while on your period as it could alter the results. Some healthcare providers will perform a Pap test at the end of your menstrual period . Its best to check with your providers office to see what they recommend or reschedule your Pap for when you are not on your period.

    Hpv And Cervical Cancer

    A large majority of cervical cancer is due to the human papillomavirus .

    HPV is the most common viral infection of the reproductive tract. Most sexually active women and men will be infected at some point in their lives, and some may be repeatedly infected. More than 90% of the infected populations eventually clear the infection.

    Cervical cancer is by far the most common HPV-related disease. Nearly all cases of cervical cancer can be attributed to HPV infection.

    Although most HPV infections clear up on their own and most pre-cancerous lesions resolve spontaneously, there is a risk for all women that HPV infection may become chronic and pre-cancerous lesions progress to invasive cervical cancer.

    It takes 15 to 20 years for cervical cancer to develop in women with normal immune systems. It can take only 5 to 10 years in women with weakened immune systems, such as those with untreated HIV infection

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    If You Are 30 To 65 Years Old

    Talk to your doctor about which testing option is right for you

    • An HPV test only. This is called primary HPV testing. If your result is normal, your doctor may tell you that you can wait five years until your next screening test.
    • An HPV test along with the Pap test. This is called co-testing. If both of your results are normal, your doctor may tell you that you can wait five years until your next screening test.
    • A Pap test only. If your result is normal, your doctor may tell you that you can wait three years until your next Pap test.

    Large Loop Excision Of The Transformation Zone Or Cone Biopsy

    Pap Smear test for cervical cancer under the Microscope

    If any of the tests show precancerous cell changes you may have a large loop excision procedure or a cone biopsy.

    LLETZ is the most common method to remove cervical tissue for examination and treating precancerous changes of the cervix. It is usually done under a local anaesthetic.

    A cone biopsy is used where there are abnormal glandular cells in the cervix or if early-stage cancer is suspected.

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