Sunday, February 25, 2024

Can You Get Colon Cancer At 30

Diagnoses In Young People Often Happen Too Late

3 Weird Signs of Colon Cancer (Found on the Skin)

What many experts including Dr. May do know for sure is that colorectal cancer should no longer be treated as a disease found only in older adults. Unfortunately, not every doctor knows about the change in risk patterns, and stories like Spills are not uncommon.

Spills best friend met someone in graduate school who was diagnosed with colorectal cancer at age 27.

She had a similar experience with having to go from doctor to doctor before being taken seriously, says Spill.

May says she wants patients to feel empowered to seek a second opinion and to know that if they believe something is wrong, they should continue to look for a doctor who will look into the situation further.

It’s your life. You need to feel empowered to bring this up time and time again. And if you feel that a doctor isn’t addressing your issues, you have the right to see another, says May. We need to not just assume that just because a person is young, or because a woman just had a baby, that it’s something benign like hemorrhoids. Anyone who is having symptoms should have acolonoscopy.

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What Are The Symptoms Of Colon Cancer

As scientists continue investigating why colorectal cancer cases remain on the rise among younger adults, knowing what symptoms to be on the lookout for is an important tool. Identifying symptoms of colorectal cancer, however, can be challenging for several reasons. Some people with the disease may not experience any signs early on while some of the more commonly known symptoms can lead to confusion, because they can also be caused by other conditions, such as infections, hemorrhoids and irritable bowel syndrome.

Symptoms of colorectal cancer may include:

  • Changes in bowel habits or stool character that last longer than a few days, such asconstipation and diarrhea
  • Rectal bleeding
  • Persistent feeling that you need to have a bowel movement, even after using therestroom

Awareness of symptoms and what they may represent is very important, she says. Unfortunately, we see many people who have had concerning symptoms that were not addressed for months or even years before seeking medical attention.

She recommends getting immediate medical attention, if your symptoms increase in frequency or if you are experiencing several at the same time.

What Can Young People Do To Stay Healthy

Young peoplelike everyone elseneed to communicate with their doctor if they notice any of the following symptoms.

  • Rectal bleeding: This includes blood coming from the rectum, or blood in the stool or in the toilet after a bowel movement.
  • Unusual stools: Watch for any changes in the way your stool looks. Keep an eye out for dark or black stools, which may indicate bleeding from a tumor. Talk to your doctor if you have stool that is narrow, thin or ribbon-like, which may signal that a tumor is obstructing your bowels or rectum.
  • Changes in bowel movements: Look for loose stool or constipation , especially if the changes last two weeks or more.
  • Low energy or tiredness: This could be due to anemia from blood loss. If you are a young woman with chronic anemia that you assume is due to menstrual bleeding, its a good idea to explore other causes as well.

Dont assume anything.

Even if you’re in your 20s or 30s, Dr. Pantel says, you should get checked out if you have rectal bleeding, if you have any change in your bowel habits, any change in appetite , weight loss, or abdominal pain that is not explained. Your symptoms may be different than those of someone you know who had colorectal cancer.

Many people misunderstand rectal bleeding as a symptom, Dr. Pantel adds. So many patients are referred to me for treatment of hemorrhoids, but you need to make sure rectal bleeding is not something more seriousno matter how old the patient, he says.

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More: Colorectal Cancer On The Rise Among Young People

This study does not factor in family history. If a family member has colon cancer, it can significantly raise the risk of developing colon cancer. Doctors recommend people with risk factors like family history and genetic syndromes such as Lynch syndrome to speak to their doctors as they may need earlier screening. Karlitz suggests holidays and family gatherings are a great time to be proactive and ask your family their medical history.

“If you’re 45 years old, get screened on time — do not wait. If you are under 45, report concerning symptoms to your provider and report your family history to your provider — it can be lifesaving and impactful to prevent the development of colorectal cancer or at least advanced disease,” added Karlitz.

Vanya Jain is a medical student from New Jersey Medical School, working with the ABC News Medical Unit.

How Is Colon Cancer Diagnosed

Raffles Medical Cambodia

For adults age 50-75 who are at a risk of colon cancer of 3% or above, The American College of Physicians recommends fecal immunochemical testing or high sensitivity guaiac-based fecal occult blood testing every 2 years, a colonoscopy every 10 years, or a sigmoidoscopy every 10 years plus FIT every 2 years.

These tests are used to screen for colon cancer. Use this risk calculator to determine your own risk level.

Any polyps that are discovered can then be removed with special tools that are passed through the colonoscope. The polyps are analyzed in a lab to determine if any cancer cells are present. This part of the process is known as a biopsy.

If results from the biopsy indicate that cancer is present, additional tests or screenings may be performed:

  • A gene test may be done to help identify the exact type of cancer, because that could help guide treatment decisions.
  • A computed tomography scan of the tissue near the colon can help your doctor see if the cancer has spread.
  • Ultrasounds, which use sound waves, can create computer images of tissue in the body.

A colonoscopy is a standard screening test that both women and men should have starting at , unless you have a higher risk because of family history or another reason.

For women at increased risk for colon cancer, you doctor may recommend starting screening earlier.

There are three main types of colon cancer treatment:

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Can Young People Get Colon Cancer

Its undeniable that some diseases are mainly associated with older ages. The same goes for colon cancer , it occurs more often in older people. A challenging question, can young people get it, too?

In fact, age is a significant risk factor for colon cancer

Cancers continue to occur in people of all ages. The number of patients with cancer continues to increase steadily as people grow and age!

Aging is a risk factor of many different health conditions, including many types of cancer. As you age, you are also more likely to have health problems that can affect your personal well-being and feeling of self-worth.

Colon and rectal cancers are relatively more common in older adults . Even age can be the greatest single risk factor. About 80 percent of bowel cancers occur in people aged 60 or older.

In other words, again the risk rises as we get older! Other risk factors include a family history of the same condition, poor diet , lifestyle factors , and other health conditions read more in this section!

There is nothing you can do to prevent aging. But this doesnt mean that colon cancer is unpreventable. Many options you can do to prevent it through some lifestyle measures!

But why does aging have a significant role in increasing the risk? The answer may be attributed by many things.

Can colon cancer occur in young people?

How about colon and rectal cancers?

The Most Common Cancers In Young Adults

The types of cancers seen in young adults are not unique to this age group, but the most common types in this age range are largely different from those in children or older adults.

Some of the most common cancers in young adults are:

  • Colorectal cancer
  • Brain and spinal cord tumors

Even within this age group, some of these cancers become more or less common as people age. For example, lymphomas are more common before age 25, whereas breast, cervical, and colorectal cancers become more common after age 25.

Many other types of cancer can occur in young adults as well.

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Its Always Good To Be An Advocate For Yourself

Anecdotally, Azad said, she has seen more colorectal cancer patients under the age of 50 including in their 20s and 30s over the past few years, whereas that was very uncommon before.

But thats not real data. Its one doctors experience, and I work in a larger center where people come to seek out second and third opinions, Azad said.

What You Should Know About Colorectal Cancer If You Are Under 50

Colon Cancer (CRC) Signs & Symptoms (& Why They Occur)

Colorectal cancer is the third most common cancer in men and women in the United States. It’s on the rise among people under 50. Learn more about how to spot the signs and reduce your risk for colorectal cancer.

You may think you dont have to worry about colorectal cancer until youre 50. Thats the age doctors recommend most patients get a colorectal cancer screening.

Heres what you should know about colorectal cancer if youre younger than 50.

More than one-third of colorectal cancers diagnosed in patients under age 35 are hereditary

Most cancer cases, including colorectal cancer, arent related to family history. But colorectal cancer in patients under 35 is more likely to be genetic. In other words, its more likely to be passed down from a family member, says Eduardo Vilar-Sanchez, M.D., Ph.D., assistant professor of Clinical Cancer Prevention at MD Anderson.

Find out if any of your relatives have had cancer and how old they were when they were diagnosed. Ask them about other cancer types as well as colorectal cancer. In some cases, other types of cancer, including uterine, stomach, ovarian, prostate and liver, can be clues to a family history of colorectal cancer.

About 5% of colorectal cancer cases are related to hereditary syndromes, like Lynch syndrome or familial adenomatous polyposis . Patients with Lynch syndrome have a 50 to 80% chance of getting the disease. Patients with FAP have a 100% chance of getting colorectal cancer.

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Who’s Most At Risk For Developing Colorectal Cancer

Your age alone can put you at a higher risk for colorectal cancer, and anyone over the age of 45 is considered to have an average risk of developing this cancer. It’s why screening guidelines and cancer experts now recommend beginning screening colonoscopies at age 45.

But, with rates rising in younger adults, a person’s risk is clearly more complex than just his or her age. So, what puts a young adult at a higher risk of colorectal cancer?

“Irrespective of age, men are typically at higher risk than women, and African Americans, regardless of gender, are 20% more likely to get colorectal cancer than any other racial group in the U.S.,” explains Dr. Abdelrahim.

The complete list of colorectal cancer risk factors includes your:

  • Gender men are at higher risk than women
  • Ethnicity African Americans have a much higher risk
  • Family history of colorectal cancer or polyps
  • Additional medical conditions, such as irritable bowel syndrome or Chron’s disease
  • Genetic syndromes, including Lynch syndrome and Familial Adenomatous Polyposis
  • Risk of exposure to radiation in your pelvic area

“Even if you’re young and feel healthy, it’s really important to understand if you have an increased risk of colorectal cancer. If you are at higher risk, begin establishing a relationship with a gastrointestinal specialist now so that you have someone who already understands your health history in the event you do begin to experience concerning symptoms,” recommends Dr. Abdelrahim.

Colon Cancer: Increasingly Diagnosed At Younger Ages

Hensels long diagnostic journey is pretty typical for someone his age. While symptoms such as abdominal pain and bloating or rectal bleeding would immediately raise concern about colon cancer in someone over 50, far too many patients in their twenties and thirties with similar symptoms get brushed off.

Its problematic because statistics indicate that more and more young people are being diagnosed with the disease. The American Cancer Society notes a 51 percent increase among those under age 50 over the last 25 years.

A 2018 survey from the Colorectal Cancer Alliance found 67 percent of young-onset colorectal cancer patients saw at least two doctors and as many as four before being diagnosed. This delay leads to a much later diagnosis and worse outcomes.

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What Are My Colorectal Cancer Screening Options

Colonoscopies. We don’t really like to talk about them, and we often think of them as a procedure just for older adults. The reality is that colonoscopies are the gold standard when it comes to screening for colorectal cancer a cancer that can strike even young adults.

“A colonoscopy is a screening tool that provides a visual of your colon, and it can help determine whether it’s healthy or not. If we do see something unusual during a colonoscopy, this procedure also gives us the ability to intervene right then and there, taking a biopsy or even administering treatment in some cases,” explains Dr. Abdelrahim. “For a young adult, a colonoscopy isn’t recommended unless other workups or tests indicate that there’s good reason for a more thorough check of your colon.”

Typically, screening colonoscopies begin at age 45 and are done every 10 years. If you’re higher risk, however, your doctor may recommend beginning screening colonoscopies earlier and having them more frequently.

“Whether you’re higher risk due to your family medical history or because you’re an African American male, for instance, the decision of when to begin your screening colonoscopies will vary from person to person. It will be a one-to-one discussion with your gastrointestinal specialist,” says Dr. Abdelrahim. “To help reduce your colorectal cancer risk as much as possible, it’s important to establish a relationship with your doctor and begin these conversations even as a young adult.”

Youngest Age To Get Colon Cancer

Healthscouter Colon Cancer : Colon Cancer Early Symptoms: Colon Cancer ...

In 2020, there will be about 18,000 cases of colorectal cancer diagnosed in people under 50, the equivalent of 49 new cases per day.

One in five colorectal cancer patients are between 20 and 54 years old.

It is the 3rd leading cause of cancer death in young adults.

The risk of colorectal cancer increases with age 90% of cases are diagnosed in individuals 50 years of age and older.

While rates of colorectal cancer have been declining among adults 50 years and older, incidence of colorectal cancer is increasing among adults under age 50.

People born after 1990 have 2 times the risk of developing colon cancer and 4 times the risk of developing rectal cancer than those born in 1950.

In 2020, there will be an estimated 49 new cases of colorectal cancer in people under 50 diagnosed a day, or 18,000 for the year.

Younger adults were more likely than older adults to be diagnosed with late-stage colon or rectal cancers because they are under the recommended screening age.

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After Being Diagnosed With Colon Cancer In Her 30s Carolina Saenz Reflects On An Early Sign She Missed

In her late 30s, Carolina Saenz was not on a look out for signs of colon cancer. Thats why when she began seeing small amounts of blood in her stool, she didnt immediately seek out medical attention.

I thought this was a disease that only affected people in their 70s and 80s. No one prepared me for the possibility that a young person could have colon cancer, Carolina said.

It took a sudden burst of pain in her stomach and a trip to Englewood Healths Emergency Department for Carolina to have her first colonoscopy. When the results came back, it was confirmed: she had a tumor in her colon roughly 7 centimeters in size.

There are around 106,000 patients diagnosed with colon cancer each year and, recently, were seeing a shift towards an early onset of colon cancer, said Minaxi P. Jhawer, MD, chief of hematology/oncology at Englewood Health and the associate medical director of the Lefcourt Family Cancer Treatment and Wellness Center. She is also the doctor who would go on to treat Carolinas cancer.

According to Dr. Jhawer, the best thing young people can do is pay attention to their bodies and see a doctor if something seems off. Its good for all of us to remember that we have methods to screen patients before they ever have symptoms and, if colon cancer is identified in an early stage, its curable almost 80 to 90 percent of the time, Dr. Jhawer said.

Posted March 30, 2022

Why Is It Important To Know Your Family Health History

If you have a family health history of colorectal cancer, your doctor may consider your family health history when deciding which colorectal cancer screening might be right for you. For example, if you have a close family member who had colorectal cancer at a young age or have multiple close family members with colorectal cancer, your doctor may recommend the following:

  • start screening at a younger age,
  • get screened more frequently,
  • in some cases, have genetic counseling.

The genetic counselor may recommend genetic testing based on your family health history. When collecting your family health history, be sure to include your close relatives: parents, brothers, sisters, children, grandparents, aunts, uncles, nieces, and nephews. List any cancers that each relative had and at what age he or she was diagnosed. For relatives who have died, list age and cause of death. You can use the My Family Health Portrait tool to collect your family health history.

Screening for colorectal cancer is important because it can prevent colorectal cancer and find it early. Most colorectal cancers start as precancerous polyps, or abnormal growths in the colon or rectum, that can be removed during a colonoscopy before they develop into cancer. Most colorectal cancers grow slowly and do not produce symptoms right away, so screening is important to find these tumors early, when treatments are more likely to work.

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