Sunday, March 3, 2024

Cell Tower Radiation Health Effects

Biological Effects From Exposure To Electromagnetic Radiation From Cell Towers

Cell Tower Radiation – 6/27/19

Blake Levitt, an award-winning medical and science journalist and former New York Times contributor is author of Cell Towers-Wireless Convenience? or Environmental Hazard? The book lists different chapters from different authors who contributed to a Cell Towers Forum: State of the Science/State of the law environmental conference December 2, 2000. Her book has valuable information on FCC safety guidelines, legal aspects of the Telecommunications Act, cell tower sitings and case law. She also co-authored Biological effects from exposure to electromagnetic radiation emitted by cell tower base stations and other antenna arrays. Environmental Reviews, 2010, 18: 369-395. Biological effects from exposure to electromagnetic radiation emitted by cell tower base stations and other antenna arrays

Cell Towers And Metabolic Disorders

Meo Several studies on cell towers show metabolic changes and dysfunction in persons exposed to cell tower radiation. Meo looked at the association of exposure to radio frequency radiation from mobile phone base stations with glycated hemoglobin and occurrence of type 2 diabetes mellitus in 2 different schools. The cell towers were about 200 feet from each school. One school had about 10 times higher radiation levels. They found a significant increase in elevated levels of HbA1c and risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus in the school with higher RF levels.

Eskander looked at long term exposure to RF from cell towers over a 6 year period. They showed a reduction in volunteers plasma ACTH, serum cortisol levels and a decrease in the release of the thyroid hormones especially T3. In addition prolactin in young females , and testosterone levels significantly dropped.

What About 5g Networks

Fifth generation cellular networks are now being rolled out in many parts of the United States and in other countries. 5G networks are capable of transmitting much larger amounts of data over shorter periods of time than previous generations .

Earlier generation networks have used RF wavelengths below 6 gigahertz . 5G networks will use some wavelengths in this range, but will also use some higher frequency wavelengths, at the lower end of the millimeter wave spectrum . While these RF waves are higher frequency than those used by older generations, they are still forms of non-ionizing radiation, so they still lack the ability to directly damage DNA.

The higher frequency waves used by 5G travel shorter distances and dont go through objects as well as lower frequency waves. Because of this, 5G networks require many more, smaller versions of base stations in some places, especially in densely populated areas. These small cells can be mounted on streetlights, utility poles, buildings, and other structures. This could result in the antennas being closer to people, although small cells typically operate at much lower power levels than the larger base stations.

The addition of the higher wavelengths from 5G networks could also expose people to more RF waves overall.

At this time, there has been very little research showing that the RF waves used in 5G networks are any more of a concern than the other RF wavelengths used in cellular communication.

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The Center For Disease Control

Fact: There are no scientific reports by the CDC on cell tower radiation safety, nor does the agency have staff with expertise monitoring the science and evaluating risk. Public information requests found thatseveral CDC website pages on radio frequency were found to be drafted with a wireless industry consultant.

Lets Talk About The Fifth Generation Of Cellphone Technology Known As 5g Which Is Already Available In Limited Areas Across The Us What Does This Mean For Cellphone Users And What Changes Will Come With It

25 best Tower Radiation Protection images on Pinterest

For the first time, in addition to microwaves, this technology will employ millimeter waves, which are much higher frequency than the microwaves used by 3G and 4G. Millimeter waves cant travel very far, and theyre blocked by fog or rain, trees and building materials, so the industry estimates that itll need 800,000 new cell antenna sites.

Each of these sites may have cell antennas from various cellphone providers, and each of these antennas may have microarrays consisting of dozens or even perhaps hundreds of little antennas. In the next few years in the U.S., we will see deployed roughly 2.5 times more antenna sites than in current use unless wireless safety advocates and their representatives in Congress or the judicial system put a halt to this.

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Indoors With A Base Station Mounted On The Outside Of The Building

The level of energy from RF waves inside buildings where a base station is mounted is typically much lower than the level outside, depending on the construction materials of the building. Antennas are pointed away from the side of the building, and the energy level behind the antenna is hundreds to thousands of times lower than in front. On top of this, wood or cement block reduces the exposure to energy from RF waves by a factor of about 10. Therefore, if an antenna is mounted on the side of a building, the exposure level in the room directly behind the wall is typically well below the recommended exposure limits.

The Telecom Industrys Influence Over The Fcc As You Describe Reminds Me Of The Tobacco Industry And The Advertising Power It Had In Downplaying The Risks Of Smoking Cigarettes

Yes, there are strong parallels between what the telecom industry has done and what the tobacco industry has done, in terms of marketing and controlling messaging to the public. In the 1940s, tobacco companies hired doctors and dentists to endorse their products to reduce public health concerns about smoking risks. The CTIA currently uses a nuclear physicist from academia to assure policymakers that microwave radiation is safe. The telecom industry not only uses the tobacco industry playbook, it is more economically and politically powerful than Big Tobacco ever was. This year, the telecom industry will spend over $18 billion advertising cellular technology worldwide.

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Research On Cell Tower Radiation

Gaps In Applying Current Evidence

After several childhood cancer cases at one school, parents question cell tower radiation

Current exposure limits are based on an assumption that the only adverse health effect from RFR is heating from short-term , time-averaged exposures . Unfortunately, in some countries, notably the US, scientific evidence of the potential hazards of RFR has been largely dismissed . Findings of carcinogenicity, infertility and cell damage occurring at daily exposure levelswithin current limitsindicate that existing exposure standards are not sufficiently protective of public health. Evidence of carcinogenicity alone, such as that from the NTP study, should be sufficient to recognize that current exposure limits are inadequate.

Public health authorities in many jurisdictions have not yet incorporated the latest science from the U.S. NTP or other groups. Many cite 28-year old guidelines by the Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers which claimed that Research on the effects of chronic exposure and speculations on the biological significance of non-thermal interactions have not yet resulted in any meaningful basis for alteration of the standard 2.

Conversely, some authorities have taken specific actions to reduce exposure to their citizens , including testing and recalling phones that exceed current exposure limits.

We propose the following considerations to address gaps in the current body of evidence:

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World Health Organization Efforts

In 1996, the World Health Organization established the International EMF Project to review the scientific literature and work towards resolution of health concerns over the use of RF/MW technology. WHO maintains a Web site that provides addition information on this project and about RF/MW biological effects and research. For further information go to http://www.who.int/peh-emf/en/.

Related Observations Implications And Strengths Of Current Evidence

An extensive review of numerous published studies confirms non-thermally induced biological effects or damage from exposure to RFR , as well as adverse health effects from long-term exposure . Biological effects of typical population exposures to RFR are largely attributed to fluctuating electrical and magnetic fields .

Indeed, an increasing number of people have developed constellations of symptoms attributed to exposure to RFR , a syndrome termed Microwave Sickness or Electro-Hyper-Sensitivity .

Causal inference is supported by consistency between epidemiological studies of the effects of RFR on induction of human cancer, especially glioma and vestibular Schwannomas, and evidence from animal studies . The combined weight of the evidence linking RFR to public health risks includes a broad array of findings: experimental biological evidence of non-thermal effects of RFR concordance of evidence regarding carcinogenicity of RFR human evidence of male reproductive damage human and animal evidence of developmental harms and limited human and animal evidence of potentiation of effects from chemical toxicants. Thus, diverse, independent evidence of a potentially troubling and escalating problem warrants policy intervention.

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Are Base Stations Regulated In Australia

The RF EME emissions from mobile phone base stations and other communications installations are regulated by the Australian Communications and Media Authority . The ACMAs regulatory arrangements require base stations to comply with the exposure limits in the ARPANSA RF Standard. The ARPANSA Standard is designed to protect people of all ages and health status against all known adverse health effects from exposure to RF EME. The ARPANSA Standard is based on scientific research that shows the levels at which harmful effects occur and it sets limits, based on international guidelines, well below these harmful levels.

The ACMA also requires base stations to comply with an industry code of practice which requires telecommunications carriers to inform and consult with the local community when planning, installing or upgrading base stations.

You Mentioned That Cellphones And Other Wireless Devices Use Modulated Or Pulsed Radiofrequency Radiation Can You Explain How Cellphones And Other Wireless Devices Work And How The Radiation They Emit Is Different From Radiation From Other Household Appliances Like A Microwave

78 Studies Showing Health Effects from Cell Tower Radio Frequency ...

Basically, when you make a call, youve got a radio and a transmitter. It transmits a signal to the nearest cell tower. Each cell tower has a geographic cell, so to speak, in which it can communicate with cellphones within that geographic region or cell.

Then, that cell tower communicates with a switching station, which then searches for whom youre trying to call, and it connects through a copper cable or fiber optics or, in many cases, a wireless connection through microwave radiation with the wireless access point. Then, that access point either communicates directly through copper wires through a landline or, if youre calling another cellphone, it will send a signal to a cell tower within the cell of the receiver and so forth.

The difference is the kind of microwave radiation each device emits. With regard to cellphones and Wi-Fi and Bluetooth, there is an information-gathering component. The waves are modulated and pulsed in a very different manner than your microwave oven.

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Has The Incidence Of Brain And Central Nervous System Cancers Changed During The Time Cell Phone Use Increased

No. Investigators have studied whether the incidence of brain or other central nervous system cancers has changed during the time that cell phone use increased dramatically. These studies found:

  • stable incidence rates for adult gliomas in the United States , Nordic countries and Australia during the past several decades
  • stable incidence rates for pediatric brain tumors in the United States during 19932013
  • stable incidence rates for acoustic neuroma , which are nonmalignant tumors, and meningioma , which are usually nonmalignant, among US adults since 2009

In addition, studies using cancer incidence data have tested different scenarios determining whether the incidence trends are in line with various levels of risk as reported in studies of cell phone use and brain tumors between 1979 and 2008 . These simulations showed that many risk changes reported in case-control studies were not consistent with incidence data, implying that biases and errors in the study may have distorted the findings.

Because these studies examine cancer incidence trends over time in populations rather than comparing risk in people who do and dont use cell phones, their ability to observe potential small differences in risk among heavy users or susceptible populations is limited. Observational/epidemiologic studiesincluding casecontrol and cohort studies are designed to measure individual exposure to cell phone radiation and ascertain specific health outcomes.

How Much Rf Eme Are People Exposed To From Base Stations

The maximum levels of exposure of RF EME from base stations may be calculated from details of the equipment installed. These calculations are made available in the ARPANSA EME reports provided by the telecommunications companies on the Radio Frequency National Site Archive website, www.rfnsa.com.au. The base station sites may be located by searching by postcode or town.

EME exposure to the public from base stations is typically hundreds of times below the limits of the ARPANSA RF Standard.

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What Studies Have Shown

Researchers generally use two types of studies when trying to determine if something might cause cancer:

  • Studies looking at groups of people
  • Studies done in the lab

The following is a brief summary of the major studies that have looked at this issue to date. However, this is not a comprehensive review of all studies that have been done.

Studies in people living near cell phone towers

So far, not many studies in people have focused specifically on cellular phone towers and cancer risk, and the results of these studies have not provided clear answers.

  • A large British study comparing families of young children with cancer with families of children without cancer found no link between a mothers exposure to the towers during pregnancy and the risk of early childhood cancer.
  • Researchers in Taiwan compared children with cancer to a group of similar children without cancer. They found slightly higher overall risk of cancer in those who lived in towns that had an estimated RF exposure from cell phone towers that was above the midpoint level in the study. However, this finding was less apparent when RF exposure was categorized in other ways.

Both of these studies relied on estimates of RF exposure. Neither of them measured the actual exposure of people to RF waves from nearby cell phone towers. This limitation makes it harder to know what the results of these studies might mean.

Studies looking at cell phone use

Lab studies on RF waves

What Has Research Shown About The Link Between Cell Phone Use And Cancer Risk

Are cellphone towers near your home dangerous for you?

Researchers have carried out several types of population studies to investigate the possibility of a relationship between cell phone use and the risk of tumors, both malignant and nonmalignant . Epidemiologic studies are research studies in which investigators observe groups of individuals and collect information about them but do not try to change anything about the groups.

Two main types of epidemiologic studiescohort studies and case-control studieshave been used to examine associations between cell phone use and cancer risk. In a casecontrol study, cell phone use is compared between people who have tumors and people who dont. In a cohort study, a large group of people who do not have cancer at the beginning of the study is followed over time and tumor development in people who did and didnt use cell phones is compared. Cohort studies are limited by the fact that they may only be able to look at cell phone subscribers, who are not necessarily the cell phone users.

The tumors that have been investigated in epidemiologic studies include malignant brain tumors, such as gliomas, as well as nonmalignant tumors, such as acoustic neuroma , meningiomas , parotid gland tumors , skin cancer, and thyroid gland tumors.

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Cancer And Cell Towers

Wolf and Wolf 2004 investigated the rates of cancer versus distance from cell towers in small towns in Israel. He found the rate of cancer incidence was 129 cases per 10,000 persons per year in those living within 350 meters of a cell tower versus a rate of 16-31/10,000 in those living greater than 350 meters from the cell tower. Eger also found an increase in the development of new cancer cases within a 10 year period if residents lived within 400 meters of a cell tower. Their results revealed that within 5 years of operation of a transmitting station the relative risk of cancer development tripled in residents near the cell towers compared to residents outside the area.

Dode 2011 performed a 10 year study examining the distance from cell towers and cancer clusters. He and his colleagues found a highly significant increase in cancers in those living within 500 meters of the cell tower. They noted The largest density power was 40.78 W/cm2, and the smallest was 0.04 W/cm2. The current guidelines are about 1000 W/cm2. The authors conclude Measured values stay below Brazilian Federal Law limits that are the same of ICNIRP. The human exposure pattern guidelines are inadequate. More restrictive limits must be adopted urgently.

Cell Tower Radiation Measured In Spain In 2020 Before 5g Is Deployed

Because of the background wireless radiation in densely populated cities that is promised to rapidly and steeply increase with both 5G cell antennas on lampposts and homes, Lopez et al studied the background radiation levels and health effects of those living near cell antenna base stations in a Madrid neighborhood. The researchers complied 268 surveys and took 105 spectrum analyzer measurements inside and outside the houses. They found a statistically significant increase in headaches and headache intensity, nightmares, dizziness, motor instability, tachycardia, and insomnia. They also found the cancer rate to be 5.6% and 10 times higher than the total Spanish population. The authors note , The measured intensity depends fundamentally on the direction of the fundamental radiation beam and not so much on the distance to the antenna. In the beam direction, differences are found in the presence of pathologies with respect to distances, when these are greater than 200 m. Even at this distance, the population continues to receive radiation peaks, so that no one is free from exposure to these radiation sources.

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