Genital Warts & Pregnancy
Most pregnant women who have had genital warts in the past are not likely to have any complications or problems during a pregnancy or birth.
If you have warts during pregnancy, they can grow in size and number or bleed due to hormonal changes. This could make delivery more difficult.
HPV can cause growths in the throat of an infant exposed to the virus during childbirth, but this is extremely rare.
Outlook For Tongue Warts
Most warts are benign and won’t cause serious problems. They typically go away on their own, but treatment can speed recovery.
If you have warts in your mouth, you might eventually develop oropharyngeal cancer. But this is rare. If you’re concerned about your warts or their appearance, talk to your doctor about treatment options.
Also, see your doctor if you develop any new symptoms, such as a sore throat or trouble swallowing.
How Can I Prevent Genital Warts
If youre sexually active, you can take these steps to protect yourself from getting or spreading HPV, genital warts and other STDs:
- Get the HPV vaccine.
- Get routine testing and any needed treatment for STDs.
- Tell your sexual partners if you have HPV or genital warts so they can get tested and treated.
- Be monogamous with one sexual partner or limit your number of partners.
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How Is Hpv Transmitted
HPV passes easily between sexual partners. It can be transmitted through any intimate skin-to-skin contact, including vaginalpenile sex, penileanal sex, penileoral sex, vaginaloral sex, and use of sex toys or other objects. The infection passes easily between sexual partners. Condoms and dental dams can lower the chance of HPV transmission but do not prevent it completely.
Symptoms Of Hpv Infection
Warts cause no symptoms in many people but cause occasional burning pain, itching, or discomfort in some.
The warts usually appear 1 to 6 months after infection with HPV, beginning as tiny, soft, moist, pink or gray growths. They grow rapidly and become rough, irregular bumps, which sometimes grow out from the skin on narrow stalks. Their rough surfaces make them look like a small cauliflower. Warts often grow in clusters.
Warts may grow more rapidly and spread more widely in pregnant women and in people who have a weakened immune system, such as those who have HIV infection.
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How Long Does It Take For Hpv To Turn Into Cancer
Most of the time HPV infections go away on their own in 1 to 2 years. Yet some people stay infected for many years. If you don’t treat an HPV infection, it can cause cells inside your cervix to turn into cancer. It can often take between 10 and 30 years from the time you’re infected until a tumor forms.
Is Hpv Contagious For Life
Not necessarily. Youre contagious for as long as you have the virus regardless of whether or not you have symptoms. For example, even if your genital warts have disappeared, you can still spread the HPV that caused them if the virus is still in your body.
Once your immune system destroys the virus, youre no longer contagious.
A note from Cleveland Clinic
HPV prevention is essential to fighting cervical cancer. This is why everyone should follow the CDCs recommendations for getting vaccinated. If youve recently learned you have HPV, dont assume that youll get cancer, though. Not all forms of HPV are created equally. The HPV that causes genital warts may cause embarrassment, but the virus is harmless. Your body can clear most HPV infections. In those cases where your body cant fight the infection, your provider can monitor cell changes in your cervix. Getting regular Pap smears and HPV tests as recommended can prevent HPV from becoming cancer.
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If You Feel Something Say Something: Preventing And Detecting Gynecologic Cancers
Rebecca Stone, M.D., a Johns Hopkins gynecologic oncologist and surgeon, explains gynecologic cancer risks, the best forms of prevention for you and your loved ones, and possible signs and symptoms.
Trimble discusses five things she wants women to know about HPV, cancer risk and the importance of vaccines.
Can Hpv Infection Be Prevented
Theres no sure way to prevent infection with all the different types of HPV. But there are things you can do to lower your chances of being infected. There are also vaccines that can be used to protect young people from the HPV types most closely linked to cancer and genital warts.
HPV can be present for years without causing any symptoms. It doesnt always cause warts or any other symptoms. Someone can have the virus and pass it on without knowing it.
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How Do Genital Warts Affect Pregnancy
If you have an active outbreak of genital warts while pregnant, your increased hormone levels may cause the warts to bleed, get larger or multiply. Rarely, these complications happen:
- A large wart or mass of warts blocks the birth canal. You may need to deliver via cesarean section.
- HPV passes from mother to baby, causing warts to form inside a babys airways. This condition, called recurrent respiratory papillomatosis, is very rare.
How Common Is Hpv And Health Problems That Develop From Hpv
HPV : CDC estimates that there were 43 million HPV infections in 2018. In that same year, there were 13 million new infections. HPV is so common that almost every sexually active person will get HPV at some point if they dont get vaccinated.
Health problems related to HPV include genital warts and cervical cancer.
Genital warts: Prior to HPV vaccines, genital warts caused by HPV affected roughly 340,000 to 360,000 people yearly.* About one in 100 sexually active adults in the U.S. has genital warts at any given time.
Cervical cancer: Every year, nearly 12,000 women living in the U.S. will have cervical cancer. More than 4,000 women die from cervical cancereven with screening and treatment.
There are other conditions and cancers caused by HPV that occur in people living in the United States. Every year, about 19,400 women and 12,100 men experience cancers caused by HPV.
*These figures only look at the number of people who sought care for genital warts. This could be less than the actual number of people who get genital warts.
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How Is Hpv Managed
There is no cure for HPV. But doctors can often treat the warts and precancerous lesions the infection causes. They can be treated by removing the warts or applying a medicated cream. The warts can be removed by:
A loop electrosurgical excision procedure, which uses electric current to remove abnormal tissue
Treating genital warts does not mean you no longer have HPV. Warts may come back if the virus stays in other cells in your body. A person with HPV who does not have warts can still give HPV to a sexual partner. Using a condom during sexual activity can lower the chance of passing HPV to your partner.
Certain Types Of Hpv Are Linked With Cervical Disease
While more than 100 types of HPV exist, only about a dozen of them are associated with cervical disease. Together, HPV 16 and HPV 18 account for 70 percent of all cervical disease, says Trimble. Genital warts are a form of low-risk HPV, and they do not cause cancer.
Doctors monitor HPV with Pap tests that look for abnormal cervical cells called lesions. Low-grade lesions where the changes are only mildly abnormal often clear up on their own. These are not considered precancerous.
All cervical cancers arise from untreated, high-grade lesions, which do contain precancerous cells. If your immune system is healthy, it typically takes about 10 to 15 years for cervical cancer to develop from a high-grade lesion. But not all high-grade lesions become cancer a persons own immune system can eliminate them.
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Hpv: 5 Things All Women Should Know
In addition to treating patients, Trimble researches vaccines to treat human papillomavirus . The virus is the most common sexually transmitted infection, with more than 6 million Americans infected each year. Youve probably seen television ads for the HPV vaccine. If you have kids, your pediatrician has probably recommended the vaccine to guard against some cancers that are linked to HPV. It can sound pretty scary: a common infection that causes cancer.
So should women worry about HPV? According to Trimble, the answer is no.
Types Of Human Papillomavirus
Human papillomavirus, or HPV, is the most common sexually transmitted infection. Nearly 80 million Americans have the infection, and about 14 million become newly infected every year. In fact, most sexually active people contract HPV at some point in their lives. The virus spreads easily through skin-to-skin sexual contact.
Of the more than 150 strains of HPV, 40 affect the genital area, but most dont pose a serious risk to health. A person can be infected with more than one HPV strain at a time. Strains are identified by number and fall into either of the following two categories.
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Who Should Get The Hpv Vaccine
CDC recommends HPV vaccination for:
- All preteens at age 11 or 12 years .
- Everyone through age 26 years, if not vaccinated already.
Vaccination is not recommended for everyone older than age 26 years. However, some adults age 27 through 45 years who are not already vaccinated may decide to get the HPV vaccine after speaking with their healthcare provider about their risk for new HPV infections and the possible benefits of vaccination. HPV vaccination in this age range provides less benefit. Most sexually active adults have already been exposed to HPV, although not necessarily all of the HPV types targeted by vaccination.
At any age, having a new sex partner is a risk factor for getting a new HPV infection. People who are already in a long-term, mutually monogamous relationship are not likely to get a new HPV infection.
How Do People Get Hpv
The virus can also be spread by genital contact without sex, although this is not common.
HPV infection is very common. Most men and women who have ever had sex get at least one type of genital HPV at some time in their lives. Anyone who has had sex can get HPV, even if it was only with only one person, but infections are more likely in people who have had many sex partners. Even if a person delays sexual activity until marriage, or only has one partner, they are still at risk of HPV infection if their partner has been exposed.
You cannot get HPV from:
- Even if it has been years since you were sexually active
- Even if you do not have any signs or symptoms
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Should Sexual Partners Be Told About Genital Warts
Yes. Someone diagnosed with genital warts should have an honest conversation with sexual partners. Partners need to be seen by a health care provider who can check for genital warts and do screenings for other STDs.
If the couple plan to continue having sex, both people need to understand that a condom will help lower the risk of spreading genital warts/HPV but can’t completely prevent it.
What Are The Most Important Facts To Know About Genital Warts
are a very common caused by certain types of . While some types of HPV can cause cervical and , these are not the same types that cause genital warts. Most genital warts are caused by low-risk , such as HPV strains 6 and 11, whereas most cases of cancer are caused by different strains. Diagnosis of genital warts can be accomplished through a review of medical history and physical exam of the . Although they can be cured, genital warts have a high risk of recurrence after they are removed. Treatment of genital warts depends on their number, size, and location, and methods may include topical medications, cryotherapy, laser therapy, or surgical removal. Since it is possible to become infected by more than one type of HPV, individuals with genital warts may be advised to get regular HPV tests to screen for .
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Can You Prevent Tongue Warts
Yes, the HPV vaccination can help prevent warts on the tongue and other areas of the body.
The HPV vaccine is recommended for children ages 11 to 12, but its safe as early as 9. Doctors recommended teens and young adults up to age 26 who have not been vaccinated or completed the vaccine series also get the HPV vaccine.9
Other preventative measures, such as using condoms and dams during sexual contact, can lower your risk of tongue warts. These products create a barrier between the skin and lower the risk of contracting the virus.
Avoiding alcohol and tobacco products also lowers the risk of developing oral cancer, especially if you have tongue warts.6
Cervical Cancer Control: A Comprehensive Approach
The Global strategy towards eliminating cervical cancer as a public health problem,adopted by the World Health Assembly in 2020, recommends a comprehensive approach to cervical cancer prevention and control. The recommended actions include interventions across the life course.
The life-course approach for cervical cancer prevention and control
| Girls 9-14 years
|From 30 years of age for women from the general population and 25 years of age for women living with HIV
|All women as needed
|Girls and boys should also be offered, as appropriate
|Treatment of invasive cancer at any age
Cervical cancer prevention should encompass a multidisciplinary, including components from community education, social mobilization, vaccination, screening, treatment and palliative care.
Clinical trials and post-marketing surveillance have shown that HPV vaccines are safe and effective in preventing infections with HPV infections, high grade precancerous lesions and invasive cancer .
Some countries have started to vaccinate boysas the vaccination prevents HPV related cancers in males as well as.
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How To Prevent Genital Warts
To help prevent genital warts, HPV vaccines, condoms, and other barrier methods are available:
- Gardasil and Gardasil 9 can protect people of all genders from the most common HPV strains that cause genital warts, and can also protect against strains of HPV that are linked to cervical cancer.
- People from ages 9 to 45 can receive these vaccines. Theyre administered in a series of two or three shots, depending on age. Both types of vaccine should be given before the person becomes sexually active, as theyre most effective before a person is exposed to HPV.
- Using a condom or a dental dam every time you have sex can also lower your risk of contracting genital warts. The important thing is to use a physical barrier to prevent transmission.
What Is The Treatment For Hpv
Treatments cant rid your body of the virus. They can remove any visible warts on your genitals and abnormal cells in your cervix. Treatments may include:
- Cryosurgery: Freezing warts or destroying abnormal cells with liquid nitrogen.
- Loop electrosurgical excision procedure : Using a special wire loop to remove warts or abnormal cells on your cervix.
- Electrocautery: Burning warts off with an electrical current.
- Laser therapy: Using an intense light to destroy warts or any abnormal cells.
- Cold knife cone biopsy : Removing a cone-shaped piece of cervical tissue that contains abnormal cells.
- Prescription cream: Applying medicated cream directly to your warts to destroy them. These creams may include imiquimod and podofilox .
- Trichloroacetic acid : Applying a chemical treatment that burns off warts.
Only a small number of people infected with high-risk HPV will develop abnormal cervical cells that require treatment.
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Are Tongue Warts Dangerous
In most cases, tongue warts are not dangerous and go away on their own. Nine in 10 cases clear up without treatment within 2 years.4
But because they can be cosmetically concerning and sometimes make it difficult to eat, talk, or breathe, many people opt for treatment.
Some types of HPV are high-risk, meaning they can lead to oral, genital, and cervical cancers.5 Experts estimate that HPV is responsible for 70% of cancer cases of the throat, tonsils, and base of the tongue .6
Treatment Of Hpv Infection
Usually laser, electrocautery, freezing, or surgery
Sometimes various topical treatments
If the immune system is healthy, it often eventually controls HPV and eliminates the warts and the virus, even without treatment. HPV infection is gone after 8 months in half of people and lasts longer than 2 years in fewer than 10%. If people with genital warts have a weakened immune system, treatment is required, and the warts often return.
No treatment for external warts is completely satisfactory, and some treatments are uncomfortable and leave scars. External genital warts may be removed with a laser or an electric current or by freezing or surgery. A local or general anesthetic is used, depending on the number and size of the warts to be removed.
Alternatively, podophyllin toxin, imiquimod, trichloroacetic acid, or sinecatechins can be applied directly to the warts. However, this approach requires many applications over weeks to months, may burn the surrounding skin, and is frequently ineffective. After treatment, the area may be painful. Imiquimod cream causes less burning but may be less effective. The warts may return after apparently successful treatment.
For warts in the urethra, a viewing tube with surgical attachments may be the most effective way to remove them, but this procedure requires a general anesthetic. Drugs, such as thiotepa inserted into the urethra or the chemotherapy drug 5-fluorouracil injected into the wart, are often effective.
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