Chemotherapy For Stage 4 Lung Cancer
Many cases of stage 4 lung cancer are treated with chemotherapy .
Its the main treatment used in extensive stage SCLC, according to the ACS. Chemotherapy is also commonly used in cases of stage 4 NSCLC, where it can destroy tumors in the lung and other areas like the liver or bones.
A patient must be in fairly good overall health to undergo chemotherapy, as the side effects like fatigue, nausea, and hair loss can be taxing.
Oranges Papayas Peaches Red Bell Peppers And Carrots
Notice something these foods have in common? The colours orange and red, of course. They come from a type of carotenoid called beta-cryptoxanthin that seems to safeguard smokers. Results from the Singapore Chinese Health Study suggest that diets high in beta-cryptoxanthin lower lung cancer risk by about 25 percent, and by 37 per cent in smokers.
Vitamins Minerals And Antioxidants
Your body needs vitamins and minerals. They help the body:
Perform essential functions
Grow and develop
Some vitamins, minerals, and other nutrients are antioxidants. Research on their role in cancer prevention continues because studies show mixed results.
A review of clinical trials in people shows the following:
Beta carotene. High-dose beta carotene supplements do not seem to prevent cancer. Two large clinical trials have found that people at high risk for lung cancer, including smokers, former smokers, and people exposed to asbestos, have a higher risk of lung cancer if they take high-dose beta carotene supplements.
Calcium and vitamin D. The Womenâs Health Initiative was a large study of women who had been through menopause and were generally well nourished. Researchers studied the effects of supplemental calcium and vitamin D. They found that supplements did not affect colorectal cancer risk.
Folate. Folate is a type of B vitamin found in:
Leafy, green vegetables
Fruits and fruit juices
Dried beans and peas
One form, folic acid, is made in the laboratory and found in dietary supplements. Enriched, white flour is fortified with it. This means that foods made with flour, including breads and cereals, contain folic acid.
Studies show a link between folate and cancer risk. People with low folate levels have a higher risk of:
But clinical studies have not yet shown a relationship between taking extra folic acid and cancer prevention.
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Best Foods To Reduce Your Risk Of Cancer
When thinking about the shoulds and shouldnts of a healthy diet to minimize cancer risk, its not a matter of black and white.
We shouldnt be fearful of food, Dowdell says. Instead, take a step back, and look at the big picture. That will allow you to focus on the diet changes that will have the most impact.
Some of the best nutrition for preventing cancer and for generally living healthy can be found in the Mediterranean diet, which emphasizes natural and plant-based foods. Think more fruits, vegetables, nuts and lean protein, and less red meat and pre-packaged foods.
Dowdell also offers these seven tips for keeping your weight in check and lowering your cancer risk.
Foods To Limit To Reduce Cancer Risk
A lot of us grow up eating foods that might be okay to eat, but arent necessarily the best thing to eat. As you build your meal plans, make sure youre not overdoing it with foods that are best to have in small portions. Excessive consumption of alcohol, processed meats, red meats and sugar-sweetened drinks can all increase your risk of cancer. Read further to learn more about each of these foods, and the impact they can have on your risk of cancer.
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Types Of Stage 4 Lung Cancer
There are two main types of lung cancer: non-small cell lung cancer and small cell lung cancer .
NSCLC accounts for over 80% of all lung cancer cases and has 5 stages . Many NSCLC patients will be diagnosed in either stage 3 or stage 4.
SCLC is much less common and is classified into either a limited or extensive stage. With extensive stage SCLC, the cancer has spread throughout and beyond the lung. In most cases, this stage is equal to stage 4 NSCLC.
Foods That Help Fight Lung Cancer
If youve been diagnosed with lung cancer, what you eat can help you fight the disease effectively, both by supporting cellular-level activities and helping you keep your energy up. What you dont eat is important as well. In other words, there are both lung cancer-fighting foods and lung cancer foods to avoid.
Patients with lung cancer should typically include the following foods that help fight lung cancer in their diet:
Protein-rich foods including lean meats like chicken, turkey and fish, low-fat milk, yogurt and cheese, beans, nuts and soy foods, which are important for cell and tissue repair Fruits and vegetables, which contain cancer-fighting antioxidants Whole grains such as whole-wheat bread, oatmeal, brown rice, and whole-grain pasta, which are good sources of fiber and contain carbohydrates as an energy source Healthy fats like avocados, nuts and olive oil, as the body needs fat for energy and cell growth
Patients with lung cancer should generally avoid the following foods:
Greasy, fried and fatty goods, which dont promote good health Sweets like candy, desserts, and soda, as these foods tend to replace healthy foods Alcohol, which can have a negative impact on the immune system and cause dehydration
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Palliative Care Options For Stage 4 Lung Cancer
Patients with advanced lung cancer typically receive palliative care, whether alongside other treatments or on its own .
Palliative care is intended to improve the quality of life for patients with serious conditions by focusing on treating emotional and physical symptoms. This approach emphasizes the patient and his or her needs over targeting the disease itself.
Palliative care is not the same thing as hospice, and may be beneficial for patients dealing with a severe illnessat any stage. Joining support groups or speaking with a counselor may also be helpful.
In some cases, if a patients health is quickly declining, standard treatments may be too taxing on the body and lead to debilitating side effects. If this is true, ask a doctor about lowering the treatment doses or receiving palliative care on its own.
Lung cancer treatment: The care you need is one call away
Your multidisciplinary team will work with you to develop a personalized plan to treat your lung cancer in a way that fits your individual needs and goals.
Best Foods For Lung Cancer
Thereâs no special menu plan that will cure or even treat lung cancer. But you can give yourself a leg up during treatment and beyond by picking smart eats that will support your body and help keep up your strength.
Instead of thinking of food as a âcancer fighter,â it can be helpful — and maybe less overwhelming — to step back and think about getting good overall nutrition, says Alicia Romano, a registered dietitian at Tufts Medical Center and a spokesperson for the Academy of Nutrition & Dietetics.
âEating a well-balanced diet has the potential to aid in treatment tolerance, maintain strength during treatment, and speed recovering,â she says.
A key point to remember, though, is that the ârightâ diet isnât a one-size-fits-all prescription. The foods that work well for your type and stage of lung cancer may not work for everyone else with the disease.
âEvery lung cancer is different,â says Zhaoping Li, MD. Sheâs chief of the Division of Clinical Nutrition at the University of California, Los Angeles, and an investigator at the UCLA Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center.
âThe best diet for you depends on your personal goals. If youâre about to have surgery for lung cancer, you have different nutritional needs than when youâre recovering from treatment.â
Still, there are general guidelines you can follow as you make your diet choices.
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Consider Vitamin D Supplements
Low levels of vitamin D are associated with an increased risk of breast, colon and prostate cancer.
Very few foods are naturally high in vitamin D, though you may find that some products, including soy, almond and oak milk may be fortified with vitamin D.
Exposure to sunlight can help increase your vitamin D, and some people benefit from supplements. Talk with your healthcare provider about whether vitamin D supplements would be right for you.
Grains Help To Protect Against Cancer
Eating seven or more serves daily of a variety of grains, grain products, legumes, roots and tubers will also provide protective benefits against cancer. The less processed the grains, the better, so try to aim for wholegrain foods. Oats, brown rice, corn, rye, kidney beans and lentils are all good foods to consume. Diets high in refined starch and refined sugar may increase the risk of stomach cancer and bowel cancer.
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Foods To Promote Lung Health
These five foods have been shown to have a positive impact on lung health.
Due to the presence of the antioxidant quercetin, apples have been proven to reduce lung decline and even reduce lung damage caused by smoking. Those who eat five or more apples per week were also at a reduced risk of developing COPD.
Beetroot and beet greens have been shown to benefit lung function, relax blood pressure and optimize oxygen intake, all of which can help someone struggling to breathe. Beets are also packed with vitamins and nutrients that promote lung health, like magnesium and potassium.
Pumpkins are rich in carotenoids, which are associated with higher lung function. Carotenoids also contain antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, which promote overall health and comfort.
Tomatoes are one of the richest vegetable sources of lycopene, a carotenoid that has been associated with improved lung function. Consuming tomatoes and tomato products has also been linked to reduced lung decline and airway inflammation.
Leafy greens such as bok choy, spinach and kale are a rich source of carotenoids, iron, potassium, calcium and vitamins. These nutrients have anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects, which can help reduce lung inflammation and promote overall health.
When You Are Diagnosed With Cancer Knowing What Foods To Eat Can Help You Deal With The Disease And The Side Effects Of Treatment
Cancer and cancer treatments can affect your appetite and how your body uses nutrients from foods. This is why its important to give your body enough calories, plus the right mix of nutrients, to help you stay strong throughout treatment.
Statner shares nutrition tips for people with cancer, including what foods to add to your diet, what foods to avoid and how to prepare an overall nutrition plan, as you adjust to life after a cancer diagnosis.
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A Lung Cancer Diet Foods To Eat And Avoid
Most research on nutrition and cancer relates to cancer prevention because theres no specific diet known to cure cancer. However, what you eat plays a crucial role in your ability to deal with treatment side effects and feel your best.
Avoiding fad diets and focusing on a nutritious, balanced diet is a solid strategy whether youre trying to prevent lung cancer, undergoing treatment, or in remission. If nutrition hasnt been a priority in the past, now is the perfect time to start caring for yourself by eating well. Here are a few pointers to move you in the right direction.
The Importance Of Avoiding Red Meats And Sugars
Eating a diet that is low in red and processed meats and processed sugar can help you maintain a healthy body weight and blood sugar levels. Both are important for preventing and fighting cancer. Excess body weight has been clearly linked to an overall increased risk of cancer. And research shows that sugar’s relationship to higher insulin levels and related growth factors may influence cancer cell growth and increase the risk of other chronic diseases as well.
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Gmos Pesticides And Cancer Risk
Genetically modified organisms are plants or animals whose DNA has been altered in ways that cannot occur in nature or in traditional crossbreeding, most commonly in order to be resistant to pesticides or produce an insecticide. While the U.S. Food and Drug Administration and the biotech companies that engineer GMOs insist they are safe, many food safety advocates point out that these products have undergone only short-term testing to determine their effects on humans.
Some animal studies have indicated that consuming GMOs may cause certain types of cancer. Since most GMOs are engineered for herbicide tolerance, the use of toxic herbicides like Roundup has substantially increased since GMOs were introduced. Some studies have indicated that the use of pesticides even at low doses can increase the risk of certain cancers, such as leukemia, lymphoma, brain tumors, breast cancer, and prostate cancer. However, research into the link between GMOs, pesticides, and cancer remains inconclusive.
Foods That Help Prevent Lung Cancer
Most people have heard that smoking greatly increases the risk of lung cancer and that quitting can help prevent the disease. However, both smokers and non-smokers can develop lung cancer, which is one of the leading causes of cancer deaths in the U.S. Consequently, everyone should take steps to decrease their lung cancer risk. One way to do that is to eat foods that prevent lung cancer.
Foods that make up a lung cancer prevention diet include:
These are just some of the foods that help prevent lung cancer.
Check Your Home For Radon Gas
Radon is a radioactive gas that you cant see or smell, but its the second leading cause of lung cancer after smoking, and its the top cause of lung cancer among nonsmokers.
Radon is a radioactive gas thats released when uranium in rocks and soil breaks down. It can seep into the water and air supply, and enter your home through cracks in the floors, walls, or foundation. It can build up in your home over time.
According to the Environmental Protection Agency , nearly 1 in every 15 homes in the United States is estimated to have elevated levels of radon.
You may want to have your home tested for radon. You can get a home testing kit or call a specialist who can test your home for this gas. If you find high levels of radon in your home, a specialist can provide solutions on how to reduce the levels.
Data Extraction And Quality Assessment
Two investigators independently reviewed all the studies and extracted the following information from the identified articles, including the first authorâs name, publication year, duration, location, design, dietary assessment, dietary pattern identification method, RR with 95% CIs and adjusted variables. We also evaluated the quality of included studies by the Newcastle-Ottawa scale, which is widely used in assessing observational studies . Briefly, each study was assigned a maximum of nine points, four for selection, two for comparability, and three for outcomes in cohort studies or exposures in case-control studies a final score â¥7 was considered as high quality in our study. Discrepancies were discussed and resolved with the third investigator .
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Simple Ways To Build Your Cancer
To lower your risk for many types of canceras well as other serious diseaseaim to build your diet around a variety of antioxidant-rich fruit and vegetables, nuts, beans, whole grains, and healthy fats. At the same time, try to limit the amount of processed and fried foods, unhealthy fats, sugars and refined carbs you consume.
Cut Down On Sugar And Refined Carbs
Consuming refined carbs that cause rapid spikes in blood sugar has been linked to an 88% greater risk of prostate cancer, as well as other serious health problems.
Instead of sugary soft drinks, sweetened cereals, white bread, pasta and processed foods like pizza, opt for unrefined whole grains like whole wheat or multigrain bread, brown rice, barley, quinoa, bran cereal, oatmeal, and non-starchy vegetables. It could lower your risk for colorectal and prostate cancer as well as help you reach a healthy weight.
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Eating For Cancer Prevention Vs Eating Well During Cancer Treatment
Its easy to be confused about the difference between eating for cancer prevention and eating a diet that is suitable for someone undergoing cancer treatment. Lets clarify.
Eating for cancer prevention focuses on reducing your exposure to potential carcinogens. When eaten regularly over an extended period, dietary carcinogens include meats cooked at high temperatures and those preserved using nitrates. During treatment, however, some of these foods may stimulate appetite and thus be beneficial.
During cancer treatment, you should choose foods that taste good, dont cause heartburn, and help you have regular bowel movements. Typical cancer treatment involves surgery, radiation, chemotherapy, and targeted therapies like immunotherapy. Lets look at each in turn and see what diet modifications are most beneficial for each type of cancer treatment.
Surgery: After surgery for cancer, you need to eat more protein to aid in your recovery. For most people, this means adding another 20 grams a day, or the equivalent of about 3 ounces of fish, chicken, lean meat, or shellfish. Or about 8 ounces of beans, tofu, or quinoa.
Radiation: During radiation, avoid high-dose single antioxidants, such as Vitamin C, beta carotene, and Vitamin E, as these may blunt the effectiveness of your treatment.
Chemotherapy: Hydration is especially important during chemo. Protein needs are also increased. A ready-to-drink amino acid or peptide supplement can help you get both.