Sunday, February 25, 2024

How To Avoid Radiation Poisoning

Would We All Die In A Nuclear War

How Can We Treat Radiation Poisoning?

Assuming you would die in a nuclear attack is not entirely accurate.

A 1,000-kiloton nuclear blast could produce third-degree burns up to 5 miles away, second-degree burns up to 6 miles away, and first-degree burns up to 7 miles away . Some people up to 50 miles away could also experience temporary blindness based on prior nuclear bomb testing.

Nuclear warheads vary from 600 kilotons to 2200 kilotons, with a few rare larger exceptions. The Russians created a 50 megaton warhead, but most of the Russian missiles are 800 kiloton warheads.

If you are 60 miles to 100 miles from a target, you are unlike to die immediately, BUT you might get nuclear fallout. Follow the rules and you survive without a lethal radiation dose.

Is Radiation Sickness Contagious

If someone who has been exposed to a high dose of radiation is decontaminated their clothes are removed and their body is washed theyre not contagious. Youre not at risk of radiation exposure from them because the radiation is internalized.

If someone who has been exposed to a high dose of radiation isnt decontaminated, and youre near them, youre at risk for radiation exposure. First responders to nuclear emergencies, for example, are at higher risk of exposure from other people.

How To Save Yourself From Radiation Poisoning After A Nuclear Disaster

When I think of nuclear power plants, clean, safe, efficient energy isn’t usually the first thing to come to mind.

Firstly, I think of Chernobyl, where the world’s most devastating nuclear power plant disaster happened in the Ukraine. Deadly explosions released radioactive plumes that swept over Europe and ravaged a whole city unusable.

Secondly, I think of the 1979 film, The China Syndrome . The movie depicts a coverup at the fictitious Ventana nuclear power plant that nearly creates a catastrophic meltdown of the nuclear reactor due to a loss of coolant exposing the fuel rod assemblies.

And now, thanks to the 9.0-magnitude earthquake and subsequent tsunami that left Japan in shambles, I will always think of the Fukushima Daiichi plant in Okuma. With fires and explosions threatening the nuclear reactors, fears that a meltdown could leak dangerous amounts of nuclear radiation were high and present in everyoneeven in North America, where Americans are stocking up on potassium iodide tablets in fear of radiation reaching the U.S causing potential radiation sickness. But is there really anything to worry about?

This is because the Fukushima plant contains a different, safer reactor than Chernobyl’s graphite-moderated reactor and the Ventana’s sodium-cooled reactor . The Fukushima plant houses boiling water reactors instead, with neutron moderatorsit uses boiling water to cool the reactor.

Step 1 Prevention with Potassium Iodide


Step 2 Decrease Exposure

Also Check: How To Radiation Proof Your Home

Time Distance And Shielding

Time, distance, and shielding actions minimize your exposure to radiation in much the same way as they would to protect you against overexposure to the sun:

  • Time: For people who are exposed to radiationradiationEnergy given off as either particles or rays. in addition to natural background radiation, limiting or minimizing the exposure time reduces the dose from the radiation source.
  • Distance: Just as the heat from a fire reduces as you move further away, the dose of radiation decreases dramatically as you increase your distance from the source.
  • Shielding: Barriers of lead, concrete, or water provide protection from penetrating gamma raysgamma raysA form of ionizing radiation that is made up of weightless packets of energy called photons. Gamma rays can pass completely through the human body as they pass through, they can cause damage to tissue and DNA. and x-raysx-raysA form of ionizing radiation made up of photons. X-rays are capable of passing completely through the human body. Medical x-rays are the single largest source of man-made radiation exposure.. This is why certain radioactive materials are stored under water or in concrete or lead-lined rooms, and why dentists place a lead blanket on patients receiving x-rays of their teeth. Therefore, inserting the proper shield between you and a radiation source will greatly reduce or eliminate the dose you receive.

Things To Be Aware Of:

How To Save Yourself From Radiation Poisoning After A Nuclear Disaster ...
  • Humans cannot sense ionizing radiation. When we have been in the sun too long our body usually tells us its time to get in the shade. Ionizing radiation is different. We cannot see, hear or sense ionizing radiation under normal circumstances, unless we have radiation detector to help us out.
  • All radiation isnt the same. Sunlight and light from the stars are electromagnetic radiation. So is the radiation from your microwave oven. This article is focused on radiation that ionizes. Although there are risks from exposure to sunlight and microwave radiation, that risk is from a different type of impact than the risk created by ionizing radiation.
  • Ionizing Radiation comes in Waves. One form of ionizing radiation iselectromagnetic , but its wavelength is shorter and thus more penetrating. It has enough energy to alter atoms, molecules and DNA. It can also create free radicals in the human body.
  • Waves and Particles both Matter. There is a lot going on in the invisible subatomic realm. While gamma and x rays are basically light that has such short wavelength that it is outside the visible range, particles have mass and weight. Both forms of ionizing radiation can affect matter by altering other atoms, molecules and DNA .
  • More about Alpha radiation: Although not nearly as penetrating as beta and gamma radiation, alpha radiation can actually be more damaging if the source is taken internally by respiration or ingestion.
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    How Fast Does Radiation Decrease

    Radiation levels decrease rapidly. For every sevenfold increase in time after detonation, there is a tenfold decrease in the radiation rate.

    Note that this graph represents a lab decrease. If you have more fallout or are near radioactive debris the curve will be flatter or the early part may persist slightly longer. This is why you should stay inside at least 3 days, during the worst radiation levels.

    Data Source: Radiation Risk Information for Responders Following a Nuclear Detonation

    Setting Up A Radiation Shelter

    When it comes to radiation, it is all about insulation. How much space and stuff can you put between yourself and the exposed area?

    The very worst-case scenario is if you are outside in the radiation. Direct exposure near fallout will be the most destructive to human health. If you are caught outside during a nuclear disaster, your number one priority should be to get inside the nearest structure, any way you can.

    This is a life or death issue.

    Once inside, you can prepare for radiation and fallout by getting into the very core of your home. If you have a pantry or a room at the center of your house, this is where you will want to be. Use mattresses and other insulative materials to build a shelter if you do not have a room away from windows.

    These insulative materials are also great for outside your shelter as well.

    This room should be stocked, or you should take your preps into this room, quickly.

    • USB Power Source

    Once you have placed a barrier between yourself and the radiation, you will have to consider the situation for your next move.

    There are two very distinct scenarios that you will have to understand. Each will affect how long you stay in that shelter.

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    How Much Potassium Iodide Should You Take

    You should take a different amount of potassium iodide based on your age and weight. Thereâs a liquid form, a 65-milligram pill, and a 130-milligram pill. For kids and babies that canât take pills, you can crush or cut pills to create smaller doses. Or you can give them a liquid form of potassium iodide.

    Follow these dosing guidelines:

    Adults 18 years old and up:

    • Take one 130-milligram pill of potassium iodide, or
    • 2 milliliters of liquid potassium iodide, or
    • 2 tablets of 65-milligram potassium iodide

    Children 12 to 18 years old who are over 150 pounds:

    • Take one 130-milligram pill of potassium iodide, or
    • 2 milliliters of liquid potassium iodide, or
    • 2 tablets of 65-milligram potassium iodide

    Children 12 to 18 years old and less than 150 pounds:

    • Take one 65-milligram pill of potassium iodide, or
    • 1 milliliter of liquid potassium iodide, or
    • Half of a 130-milligram potassium iodide tablet

    Children 3 to 12 years old:

    • Take one 65-milligram pill of potassium iodide, or
    • 1 milliliter of liquid potassium iodide, or
    • Half of a 130-milligram potassium iodide tablet

    Children 1 month to 3 years old:

    • Take half of a 65-milligram potassium iodide tablet, or
    • 0.5 milliliters of liquid potassium iodide, or
    • A fourth of a 130-milligram potassium iodide tablet

    Newborns to children 1 month old:

    • Take a fourth of a 65-milligram potassium iodide tablet, or
    • 0.25 milliliters of liquid potassium iodide, or
    • An eighth of a 130-milligram potassium iodide tablet

    What Is Potassium Iodide And What Is It Used For

    What Do Radiation Contamination and Exposure Mean?

    If there is a radiation emergency at a nuclear plant, large amounts of something called radioiodine could be put into the air. This could hurt your thyroid gland, or even cause thyroid cancer later on. You could breathe in the radioiodine or eat food that has some radioiodine in it. When you take the KI pill, it protects your thyroid gland from being harmed.

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    Natural Ways To Offset The Damage Of Radiation Poisoning

    True Activist.

    Called by some the greatest environmental disaster of all time, Fukushimas detrimental spreading has certainly made headlines, rightly gathering the attention of the world. With scarily shocking effects the pollution is having in the world, theres an outcry at the injustice of such disaster, as well as a resonating fear regarding the effects of such toxicity.

    On an optimistic note, while the people must do whatever necessary to continue to spread word about this man made catastrophe and seek to enlighten the politicians to the seriousness of the situation, there are individual steps one can take to naturally boost their own bodys natural defense to the crisis of radiation poisoning.

    Holistic means of tackling radiation should foundationally start with creating basic health most steps contribute to an alkaline, well-functioning body and a heightened immune system other aids are specifically targeted for strengthening certain organs and further aiding the movement of the lymphatic system. By reducing the consumption of highly acidic and chemically-produced, processed foods, youll be amping up your defense significantly reducing dairy and meat consumption is also a smart choice for the health of your body and the environment if you truly want to make an impact.

    Follow these 9 steps to jump start your defense against nuclear radiation poisoning.

    1. Consume Iodine

    2. Eat your Greens

    3. Exercise or Rebound

    4. Breathe fresh air

    Unsubstantiated Nutraceuticals That May Protect You From Radiation Poisoning

    An email list I was on forwarded the following material about various nutraceuticals that protect against radiation poising. Unfortunately, no source attribution was provided. Nonetheless, I share this with you in case any of it resonates with you and you want to explore further.

    Kelp: Supplement the diet with organic iodine, as in kelp , this will saturate the thyroid so radioactive iodine will not be absorbed. Dose: 1 to 2 teaspoons of granules daily, or 5 to 10 tablets.

    Sea Vegetables: Sodium alginate is one of the more powerful protective substances in sea vegetables like kelp, which includes arame, wakame, kombu, and hijiki. Sodium alginate reduces the amount of strontium-90 absorbed by bone tissue by 50 to 83 percent.

    Bee Pollen: Studies show that bee pollen can significantly reduce the usual side effects of both radium and cobalt-60 radiotherapy and also the sickness after massive abdominal x-rays. One study showed that the proliferation of cancer cells stopped in cancerous tumors induced in mice.

    Bee Propolis: Besides the healing and anti bacterial qualities of this substance, it has been effective in clinical stages of radioepithelitis, i.e. inflammation of epithelial tissue due to radiation.

    Beets: Beets have been shown to rebuild hemoglobin of the blood after exposure to radiation. Rats fed a diet of 20 percent beet pulp were able to prevent cesium-137 absorption and 97 to 100 percent more effectively than rats given no beets.

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    Diagnosis Of Radiation Injury

    • Symptoms, severity of symptoms, and time to onset of symptoms after exposure to radiation

    • Lymphocyte counts

    Exposure to radiation may be obvious from peoples history. Radiation injury is suspected when people develop symptoms of illness or skin redness or sores after receiving radiation therapy or being exposed during a radiation accident. The time until symptoms develop can help doctors estimate the radiation dose. No specific tests are available to diagnose radiation exposure, although certain standard clinical tests may be used to detect infection, low blood counts, or organ malfunction. To help determine the severity of radiation exposure, doctors measure the number of lymphocytes Lymphocytes One of the body’s lines of defense involves white blood cells that travel through the bloodstream and into tissues, searching for and attacking microorganisms and… read more in the blood. Typically, the lower the lymphocyte count 48 hours after exposure, the worse the radiation exposure.

    Radioactive contamination, unlike irradiation, can often be determined by surveying a persons body with a Geiger-Muller counter, a device that detects radiation. Swabs from the nose, throat, and any wounds also are checked for radioactivity.

    What Can I Do To Reduce Radiation Exposure

    Radiation Protection Products

    Immediately following a nuclear explosion there a number of steps to take.

  • Get inside. Shelter in the nearest building to avoid radiation. Brick or concrete are best. This is important because it reduces your exposure to irradiated dust and particles.
  • Clean up. If you were outside when the bomb went off, remove contaminated clothing and wipe off or wash unprotected skin. Leave the contaminated clothes in a mud room or cleanup space. Do not bring clothes inside.
  • Shelter. If the bomb is close, go to the basement or middle of the building. Stay away from outside walls.
  • Roughly seal windows and doors to reduce dust/debris getting into your home/shelter. Close drapes, cover windows.
  • Move water and dry food near the center of the building or basement.
  • Go to the basement or middle of the building.
  • Dose up with Potassium Iodine per instructions
  • Wait 24 to 72 hours. Stay inside for 24 hours unless local authorities provide other instructions. We recommend staying inside longer. The more exotic radioactive materials will degrade very quickly, so radiation exposure will drop roughly 1/2 each day which is why a Geiger Counter is valuable.
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    Cleveland Biolabs Protectan Cblb

    Another American biotechnology company developing a new drug against radiation sickness is the Buffalo-based Cleveland Biolabs . Scientists there have developed CBLB-502, a protectan that derives from the bacterial protein flagellin and fools the body into believing there has been a salmonella infection. The body responds by producing substances that help to repair the immune system and gastrointestinal tract.

    After the events in Japan, the company experienced a spike in its trading interest and the research of CBLB-502 was fast-tracked by the FDA. According to an interview of the Wall Street Journals Market Watch with CLBI chief executive Michael Fonstein, the new medicine has also been offered free of charge for the use in any humanitarian efforts in Japan even though the treatment has yet to emerge from the testing phase.

    Tested under the FDA animal efficacy rule with funding from the DoD and the BARDA, the drug is at least two years away from approval, as Cleveland BioLabs is aiming to submit it to the FDA by late 2012.

    However, the outlook for the introduction of a powerful drug in the very near future is not a very positive one most are about two to five years away from regulatory approval. And because they cannot be tested in human clinical trials, there is the slight danger that they might not even work in the case of high radiation exposure.

    Can Ki Be Purchased At Local Pharmacies

    Yes, though it may not widely available in drug stores near you. Since it is not a prescription drug, you can buy it over the Internet. As with other drugs, make sure the KI you buy has been approved by the FDA. A supply of KI has been made available to people who live within 10 miles of a nuclear power plant in New York State. If you live within 10 miles of a nuclear power plant and did not receive KI, contact your local Office of Emergency Management.

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    Potassium Iodide And Radiation Emergencies: Fact Sheet

    This fact sheet is about the NYS policy for people, especially those who live within ten miles of a nuclear power plant, who may be exposed to radiation from a nuclear plant emergency. In December 2001, the federal Food and Drug Administration said if there was a radiation emergency, people should take a drug that would help protect them from thyroid cancer. This drug is called potassium iodide . The New York State Health Department agrees. The questions and answers below will give you more information.

    Cesium Strontium Absorbed By The Body

    How to Decrease EMF Radiation Exposure – Dr. J9 LIve

    The radioactive isotopes iodine 131 and iodine 133 cause thyroid cancer. They are also the isotopes most associated with radiation exposure caused by a leak or explosion at a nuclear power plant.

    The radioactive isotopes strontium 90 and cesium 137 are also part of the mix. They settle in bone tissue and likewise increase the risk of cancer.

    Our body mistakes these isotopes for calcium. It can absorb and use them in the physiological processes of our muscles and bones. If that happens, the bone marrow can spin out of control.

    Bone marrow is responsible for producing new blood cells. And when it fails, it can lead to a blood cancer known as leukemia, which is often fatal.

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