What Are The Risk Factors For Developing Testicular Cancer
Several factors may increase your testicular cancer risk. Risk factors dont cause testicular cancer, but they may increase its likelihood of developing.
Risk factors for testicular cancer include:
- Age: Testicular cancer most commonly affects people between ages 15 and 35.
- Undescended testicles: Testicles form in the abdomen of a fetus during pregnancy and usually drop into the scrotum before birth. Testicles that dont drop are called undescended testicles and may require surgery. Being born with this condition may increase your testicular cancer risk even if you have surgery.
- Race and ethnicity: Testicular cancer is more common among non-Hispanic whites in the United States and Europe.
- Personal or family history: You may be more likely to develop testicular cancer if a biological parent or sibling had it. Certain inherited genetic conditions, like Klinefelter Syndrome, may also increase your risk. Having testicular cancer in one testicle increases your likelihood of developing a second cancer in the other testicle.
- Infertility: Some of the same factors that cause infertility may also be related to the development of testicular cancer. More research is needed to understand the connection.
Survival Rates By Testicular Cancer Stage
The National Cancer Institute documents survival rates for US men with testicular cancer. While their data is specific to one country, it tracks with data from other countries. When looking at survival rates for different stages of testicular cancer, keep in mind the numbers are based on what stage youâre at when you are first diagnosed.
Testicular Cancer: A Good News/bad News Story
- Testicular Cancer: A Good News/Bad News Story
First, the good news: The survival rate for testicular cancer is 95 percent at 10 years, due to the invention of cisplatin-based chemotherapy in the 1970s. Despite this success, however, survivors have an increasing risk of second malignancies — and the risk remains elevated for 35 years.
In the Journal of Clinical Oncology, Chunkit Fung, M.D., M.S., an oncologist at the James P. Wilmot Cancer Center at URMC, and colleagues published what is believed to be the first large population analysis on the risks of second cancers among patients treated in the modern era of cisplatin-based chemo. Cisplatin is one of the most widely used and effective drugs for the nearly 6 million people globally who are diagnosed each year with testicular cancer, as well as cancers of the colon, cervix, bladder, stomach, lung and esophagus.
Fung analyzed data of 12,691 patients diagnosed between 1980 and 2008 with testicular cancer. A total of 210 second tumors were observed in this group. The risk of a second cancer was 40 percent higher among those treated with chemotherapy, but negligible when the patient was treated with surgery alone.
Testicular cancer is the most common cancer among men ages 19 to 39. Given the long life expectancy of most patients, quantifying the late effects of cancer and chemotherapy is especially important, the study said.
Testicular Cancer: 10 Questions Every Man Needs To Ask
What is testicular cancer?Testicular cancer affects the testes. While it only accounts of 1% of all cancers, it is the number one cancer in men ages 20-34. The risk may be high, but the survival rate is even higher. When detected early, over 90% of testicular cancer patients can be cured in a single treatment.
What are the symptoms of testicular cancer?The most common symptom of testicular cancer, and probably the most alarming, is a lump on a testicle. Since this is where the cancer starts, this would be the first place to check. If the cancer has spread outside of the testicles, symptoms may appear elsewhere. If you experience unusual pain or discomfort in your back or lower abdomen, the cancer may have spread to the lymph nodes in the back of your abdomen. A cough or shortness of breath may indicate the cancer has spread to the lymph nodes in your chest area. Lastly, if your nipples or breasts are tender, this can be caused by the hormones produced by the cancer, but it is not a common side effect.
Will I lose a testicle?Just because you are diagnosed with testicular cancer does not mean that you will lose a testicle. Removal of the affected testicle is the most common treatment, but it is not the only one. Losing a testicle is not something a man wants to do, but it is better than the option of losing your life.
Chemotherapy: Powerful, cancer-killing drugs are used to stop the cancer from growing, either by killing the cancer cells or stopping them from dividing.
What Is A 5
A relative survival rate compares people with the same type and stage of cancer to those in the overall population. For example, if the 5-year relative survival rate for a specific stage of testicular cancer is 90%, it means that people who have that cancer are, on average, about 90% as likely as people who dont have that cancer to live for at least 5 years after being diagnosed.
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How Long Can You Live With Stage 3 Testicular Cancer
Stage 3 testicular cancer survival rate simply shows that cancer has spread to distant organs. Moving on, a man in India with stage 3 testicular cancer can have a 5-year survival rate of 72.8%.
Furthermore, males can be relieved to know that they can improve their survival rates by treating the same. Moreover, an individual with stage 3 testicular cancer may be treated with radical inguinal orchiectomy.
Its Important To Know What Survival Rate Really Means When It Comes To Testicular Cancer
When we talk about the odds of beating testicular cancer, what weâre measuring is the relative survival rate. According to the American Cancer Society, this is the likelihood of survival as compared to the overall population.
In other words, itâs not a prediction of your personal odds of living a certain number of years after your diagnosis. There are all kinds of variables that impact how long you might live, not just cancer. Some are things you can control some are out of your hands.
Also important: a â5-year survival rateâ doesnât mean youâre only going to live another five years. The average life expectancy for younger men diagnosed with testicular cancer isnât all that different than it is for other guys the same age.
So when we say testicular cancer has an overall 5-year relative survival rate of 95%, hereâs what that means: you are 95% as likely as the rest of the population to live at least another 5 years.
In fact, your chances of living to a ripe old age are about as good as anyone elseâs.
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Screening For Testicular Cancer
There is no routine screening test for testicular cancer. While it is important to get to know the regular look and feel of your testicles and let your doctor know if you notice anything unusual, there is little evidence to suggest that testicular self-examination detects cancer earlier or improves outcomes.
Testicular Cancer Treatment In Fort Myers Fl
Testicular cancer mainly affects men ages 15 to 34 years old however it can happen at any age. Many men who develop cancer in one or both testicles will have little risk when discovered early. With early detection from self-exam and speaking with your doctor, cancer can be cured before it spreads. The risk of death from testicular cancer is low. The 5-year survival rate is 95% according to the American Cancer Society.
The Lee Health Regional Cancer Center is here to help guide you through the next steps to treatment. Call the facility at
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Causes Incidence And Risk Factors
There are approximately 8,000 newly diagnosed cases of testicular cancer each year in the United States. The probability that an American white male will develop testicular cancer in his lifetime is approximately 0.2%. Most tumors occur in late adolescence or early adulthood. However, occasionally tumors are seen in infancy and in patients over the age of 60 years. The incidence of testicular tumors in African-Americans is dramatically less than that in American whites.
The probability that an American white male will develop testicular cancer in his lifetime is approximately 0.2%. Most tumors occur in late adolescence or early adulthood. However, occasionally tumors are seen in infancy and in patients over the age of 60 years. The incidence of testicular tumors in African Americans is dramatically less than that in American whites.
Survival Rates For Testicular Cancer
Cancer survival rates are a measure of someoneâs likelihood of surviving after a cancer diagnosis.
Survival rates can vary, depending on the stage and type of testicular cancer.
Overall survival rates for testicular cancer are high and have been getting better for years.
Itâs the top question on your mind when youâve been diagnosed with testicular cancer: Am I going to be OK? What are my chances of surviving this?
The odds of beating testicular cancer are quite good, especially when itâs caught and treated early. The overall survival rate is around 95%, and itâs been on the rise for decades.
In this article, weâll take an in-depth look at the survival rates for different stages and types of testicular cancer.
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What Are The Primary Symptoms
When an amorality is discovered in the testicles it will have a lump or other changes to the area. Some symptoms men have experienced are:
- A Pea-Sized Lump in One or Both Testicles
- Swelling of the Testicles
- Build Up of Fluid in the Testicles
- Pain or Discomfort in the Abdomen or Groin
- A Shrinking Testicle
Survival Statistics For Testicular Cancer
Survival statistics for testicular cancer are very general estimates and must be interpreted very carefully. Because these statistics are based on the experience of groups of people, they cannot be used to predict a particular persons chances of survival.
There are many different ways to measure and report cancer survival statistics. Your doctor can explain the statistics for testicular cancer and what they mean to you.
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Types Of Testicular Cancer
The different types of testicular cancer are classified by the type of cells the cancer begins in.
The most common type of testicular cancer is germ cell testicular cancer, which accounts for around 95% of all cases. Germ cells are a type of cell that the body uses to create sperm.
There are 2 main subtypes of germ cell testicular cancer. They are:
- seminomas which have become more common in the past 20 years and now account for 40 to 45% of testicular cancers
- non-seminomas which account for most of the rest and include teratomas, embryonal carcinomas, choriocarcinomas and yolk sac tumours
Both types tend to respond well to chemotherapy.
Less common types of testicular cancer include:
- Leydig cell tumours which account for around 1 to 3% of cases
- Sertoli cell tumours which account for less than 1% of cases
This topic focuses on germ cell testicular cancer.
You can contact the cancer support specialists at Macmillan for more information about Leydig cell tumour and Sertoli cell tumours.
The Macmillan helpline number is 0808 808 00 00, open Monday to Friday, 9am to 8pm.
An Aggressive Yet Treatable Cancer
Testicular cancer is a rare malignancy, with only about 8,000 cases diagnosed in the United States each year. When the disease does strike, however, it can be highly aggressive. About two-thirds of patients are first diagnosed with disease that has spread, or metastasized.
Without treatment, the disease is 100 percent fatal, says Dr. Carver. But the good news is that only about 300 men a year die from it. It turns out that tumors of the testes are highly responsive to chemotherapy and subsequent surgery, resulting in a long-term survival rate of about 90 percent.
The most common site to which testicular cancer spreads is behind the tissue that lines the abdominal cavity. This area, called the retroperitoneum, contains the aorta and vena cava , as well as a large number of lymph nodes. Since residual tumor cells and teratomas cells that withstand chemotherapy and may later become cancerous also commonly reside here, a surgical dissection is almost always performed after chemotherapy
About 30 percent of testicular cancer patients will have viable tumors or teratoma after chemotherapy, even if the lymph nodes appear normal, notes Dr. Carver. The larger the area a surgeon removes, the more lymph nodes, tumors, and teratomas are removed.
A pathologists postoperation node count could therefore be used as a measure of the extent of the surgery. But just how far should a surgeon go? Is there a limit to the benefits beyond a certain number of nodes?
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Testicular Cancer Survival Rates
Survival rates can give you an idea of what percentage of people with the same type and stage of cancer are still alive a certain amount of time after they were diagnosed. They cant tell you how long you will live, but they may help give you a better understanding of how likely it is that your treatment will be successful.
Keep in mind that survival rates are estimates and are often based on previous outcomes of large numbers of people who had a specific cancer, but they cant predict what will happen in any particular persons case. These statistics can be confusing and may lead you to have more questions. Talk with your doctor about how these numbers may apply to you.
Postoperative And Rehabilitation Care
Following radical inguinal orchiectomy, patients should avoid heavy lifting and high-impact activities for four weeks and should wear supportive underwear to prevent scrotal swelling or hematoma. Retroperitoneal lymph node dissection is major intra-abdominal surgery, after which dedicated postoperative rehabilitation should be undertaken.
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After A Diagnosis Of Testicular Cancer
After finding out you have testicular cancer, you may feel shocked, confused, anxious or upset. These are normal reactions and a diagnosis of testicular cancer affects everyone in different ways.
It can be difficult to decide what type of treatment to have. Understanding the disease, the treatments available and possible side effects can help you weigh up your options. You may also want to talk to your doctor about how treatment for testicular cancer may affect your fertility.
Pertinent Studies And Ongoing Trials
The SEMS and PRIMETEST trials are ongoing to evaluate the role of RPLND in seminoma. The TIGER trial is a phase III international trial to determine the optimal first salvage treatment in relapsed or refractory germ cell tumors. In this trial, Paclitaxel, Ifosfamide, cisplatin is compared with high-dose chemotherapy with paclitaxel followed by carboplatin and etoposide TICE in relapsed germ cell tumors.
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Survival For All Stages Of Testicular Cancer
The outlook for testicular cancer is one of the best for all cancers. Nearly all men survive their disease.
Generally in England:
- more than 95 out of 100 men will survive their cancer for 1 year or more after they are diagnosed
- 95 out of 100 men will survive their cancer for 5 years or more after diagnosis
- around 90 out of 100 men will survive their cancer for 10 years or more after diagnosis
Cancer survival by stage at diagnosis for England, 2019Office for National Statistics
These figures are for people diagnosed in England between 2013 and 2017.
These statistics are for net survival. Net survival estimates the number of people who survive their cancer rather than calculating the number of people diagnosed with cancer who are still alive. In other words, it is the survival of cancer patients after taking into account that some people would have died from other causes if they had not had cancer.
What Is Testicular Cancer
Cancer is a disease in which your bodyâs cells grow out of control. When this abnormal cell growth starts in your nuts, itâs called testicular cancer.
Here are some key facts about testicular cancer:
There are different types of testicular cancer.
More than 90% of testicular cancers start in the cells that make sperm .
The main types of germ cell cancers are seminomas and non-seminomas.
Treatment decisions and chances of recovery depend on the kind of cancer and the type of cell it starts in.
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Survival Rates By Testicular Cancer Type
There are also several different types of testicular cancer, though germ cell tumours are by far the most common.
Weâll look at survival rates for two types of germ cell tumours, seminomas and non-seminomas, which account for roughly 90% of all testicular cancer cases. In each case, the rates were determined using data from two studies that looked at thousands of cases in Australia, Europe, and North America, going as far back as 1990.
Weâll also dig into the data on survival rates for another, less common form of testicular cancer: stromal tumors. Germ cell tumors form from cells that make sperm in the testicle. Stromal tumors form from the cells that either generate testosterone or the cells that support sperm development . Stromal tumors are very rare.
Deterrence And Patient Education
Testicles are the male reproductive glands located within the scrotum. Testicular cancer is cancer that develops from the cells in the testicles. Testicular cancer is the most common cancer in young men and is one of the most curable of all cancers. More than 95 percent of all men diagnosed with testicular cancer survive their disease. It most commonly presents a painless hard mass within the scrotum, in the testicles, mostly on only one side, and uncommonly on both sides. When cancer spreads to other sites such as the lungs, brain, abdomen, neck, etc., symptoms including nausea, vomiting, stomach upset, cough, shortness of breath, weakness, sensory disturbances, abdominal pain, lumps in the neck/groin areas, and back pain, can occur. Prompt evaluation is important to ensure early diagnosis and treatment and decrease the burden of treatment in advanced diseasemedical evaluation, physical examination, and ultrasound of the testis. Serum tumor markers and cross-sectional imaging follow. When suspicion for metastatic disease is present, additional imaging with computed tomography of the chest and abdomen may be done for staging.
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