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Survival Rates For Cervical Cancer

How Is Cervical Cancer Diagnosed

What is the Survival Rate for Cervical Cancer?

The most important advance in cervical cancer screening is broader use of the Papanicolaou test and high-risk HPV testing. A Pap smear is part of a womanâs regular pelvic exam. Your doctor collects cells from the surface of your cervix, and a technician looks at them under a microscope. If they spot anything unusual, your doctor will take out a bit of cervical tissue in a procedure called a biopsy.

Other tools can find changes in your cervix. They include:

A colposcopy is like a pelvic exam. Your doctor may use it if a Pap smear finds unusual cells. They stain your cervix with a harmless dye or acetic acid so the cells are easier to see. Then, they use a microscope called a colposcope, which magnifies your cervix by eight to 15 times, to look for unusual cells for biopsy. You can usually have this procedure in your gynecologist’s office. You might need another biopsy later if the colposcopy shows signs of invasive cancer.

In the loop electrosurgical excision procedure , your doctor uses an electrified loop of wire to take a sample of tissue from your cervix. You might have this in your gynecologist’s office.

Your doctor can do a conization in the operating room while youâre under anesthesia. They might use a LEEP, a scalpel , or a laser. These are usually outpatient procedures, so you can go home the same day.

LEEP and cold knife conization procedures give your doctor a better look at the types of unusual cells in your cervix and whether theyâve spread.

Cervical Cancer Survival By Age

Five-year survival for cervical cancer is highest in the youngest women and decreases with increasing age. Five-year net survival ranges from 89% in 15-39 year-olds to 26% in 80-99 year-olds for patients diagnosed with cervical cancer in England during 2009-2013.

Cervical Cancer , Five-Year Net Survival by Age, Women, England, 2009-2013

What Are Survival Rates Of Cervical Cancer

Life expectancy for cervical cancer is often expressed in 5-year survival rates, that is, how many people will be alive 5 years after diagnosis.

  • Stage 1: About 95% of patients diagnosed at this stage will survive their cancer for 5 years or more after diagnosis
  • Stage 2: About 70% of patients diagnosed at this stage will survive their cancer for 5 years or more after diagnosis
  • Stage 3: More than 40% of patients diagnosed at this stage will survive their cancer for 5 years or more after diagnosis
  • Stage 4: About 15% of patients diagnosed at this stage will survive their cancer for 5 years or more after diagnosis

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Understanding The Stages Of Cervical Cancer

Cervical cancer is one of the most common forms of gynecologic cancers, with 6 in 1,000 women receiving a cervical cancer diagnosis at some point in their lifetime. In 2020, American Cancer Societys estimates there were an estimated 14,000 new cases of invasive cervical cancer diagnosed in the United States.

With regular gynecologic screenings, your doctor may be able to identify cervical cancer earlier. The earlier cervical cancer is diagnosed the greater your chances for recovering from the disease.

Cervical Cancer Survival Rates

UK ranks among lowest in Europe on cervical cancer survival
  • Localized. This type of cancer has a 92 percent relative survival rate. It means that if cancer is detected while its still confined to your cervix and uterus, you are 92 percent as likely to be alive in 5 years, compared to a person who doesnt have cervical cancer.
  • Regional. This type of cancer has a 58 percent relative survival rate. If cervical cancer has spread to your uterus and nearby lymph nodes, you are 58 percent as likely to be alive in 5 years as someone who doesnt have cervical cancer.
  • Distant. This cancer has a 17 percent relative survival rate. If cervical cancer has spread to parts of your body that arent close to your cervix, you are 17 percent as likely to be alive in 5 years as a person with no cervical cancer.
  • All stages of cervical cancer combined. This cancer has a 66 percent survival rate. If you have cervical cancer, you are 66 percent as likely as someone without cervical cancer to be alive in 5 years time.

These numbers may not be an accurate reflection of your outlook. Many individual factors can influence the progression of cancer and how your body responds to treatment.

Its important to talk with your oncologist and other people on your cancer care team. They can provide you with information and suggestions on what you can do to improve the outcome of your cancer treatment.

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Survival Rate Of Cervical Cancer From A Study Conducted In India

Received:Epub ahead of print: 2020-12-22, 2021-09-24
Licence
This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-Share Alike 4.0 License, which allows others to remix, tweak, and build upon the work non-commercially, as long as the author is credited and the new creations are licensed under the identical terms.

How to cite this article: Balasubramaniam G, Gaidhani RH, Khan A, Saoba S, Mahantshetty U, Maheshwari A. Survival rate of cervical cancer from a study conducted in India. Indian J Med Sci 2021 73:203-11.

Who’s At Risk For Cervical Cancer

In many cases, cervical cancer can be linked with known risk factors for the disease. Some risk factors can be avoided, while others cannot. Some risk factors within your control are:

  • Screening history: Those who haven’t had Pap tests are regular intervals are at increased risk of cervical cancer.
  • HPV infection: Certain types of HPV are linked to cervical cancer. Lowering your risk for HPV can also lower your risk for cervical cancer.
  • Sexual history: Having sexual intercourse before the age of 18 and having many sexual partners puts you at higher risk of HPV infection and chlamydia. Preventing these diseases reduces your risk of cervical cancer.
  • Smoking: Cigarette smoking is associated with an increased risk of cervical cancer.
  • HIV infection: Those who’ve been infected with HIV have a higher-than-average risk of developing cervical cancer.
  • Birth control pills: There is evidence that long-term use of oral contraceptives can increase your risk of cervical cancer.
  • Multiple children: Having three or more full-term pregnancies may increase your risk for developing cancer of the cervix.
  • Having a weakened immune system: Having a weak immune system makes your body unable to fight infections.

Some risk factors you can’t change are:

  • DES : DES is a hormonal drug that was given to people between 1938 and 1971 to prevent miscarriage. If your mother took DES, you may be more likely to get cervical cancer.
  • Family history: Cervical cancer may have a genetic component.

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Survival Rates For Cervical Cancer

Survival rates can give you an idea of what percentage of people with the same type and stage of cancer are still alive a certain amount of time after they were diagnosed. They cant tell you how long you will live, but they may help give you a better understanding of how likely it is that your treatment will be successful.

Keep in mind that survival rates are estimates and are often based on previous outcomes of large numbers of people who had a specific cancer, but they cant predict what will happen in any particular persons case. These statistics can be confusing and may lead you to have more questions. Your doctor is familiar with your situation ask how these numbers may apply to you.

Us Cancer Statistics Data Visualizations Tool

What is the survival rate of Cervical Cancer I Cloudnine Hospital

The Data Visualizations tool makes it easy for anyone to explore and use the latest official federal government cancer data from United States Cancer Statistics.It includes the latest cancer data covering the U.S. population.

See how the rates of new cervical cancers or cervical cancer deaths changed over time for the entire United States and individual states.Links with this icon indicate that you are leaving the CDC website.

  • The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention cannot attest to the accuracy of a non-federal website.
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What Is The Outlook For Cervical Cancer

The survival rate is close to 100% when you find and treat precancerous or early cancerous changes. The prognosis for invasive cervical cancer depends on the stage.

  • More than 90% of women with stage 0 survive at least 5 years after diagnosis.
  • Stage I cervical cancer patients have a 5-year survival rate of 80% to 93%.
  • Women with stage II cervical cancer have a 5-year survival rate of 58% to 63%.
  • The survival rate for women with stage III cervical cancer is 32% to 35%.
  • Sixteen percent or fewer women with stage IV cervical cancer survive 5 years.

Health care providers who treat cancer often use the term “remission” rather than “cure.” Many women who have cervical cancer recover completely, but it can still come back.

What Are The Cervical Cancer Risk Factors

You might be at higher risk of cervical cancer if you:

  • Started having sex before age 16 or within a year of starting your period
  • Have multiple sexual partners

When to call your doctor

Bleeding after menopause is never normal, so talk to your doctor as soon as possible if you have it.

Tell your doctor if you have very heavy periods or often bleed between periods.

Some women have bleeding after intercourse, especially after vigorous sex. Itâs probably nothing to worry about. But you might want to let your doctor know, especially if it happens a lot.

Go to the emergency room if you have vaginal bleeding along with weakness or if you feel faint or light-headed, or pass out.

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What Goes Into A Prognosis

When figuring out your prognosis, your doctor will consider all the things that could affect the cancer and its treatment. Your doctor will look at risk estimates about the exact type and stage of the cancer you have. These estimates are based on what results researchers have seen over many years in thousands of people with the same type and stage of cancer.

If your cancer is likely to respond well to treatment, your doctor will say you have a favorable prognosis. This means youre expected to live many years and may even be cured. If your cancer is likely to be hard to control, your prognosis may be less favorable. The cancer may shorten your life. Its important to keep in mind that a prognosis states whats likely or probable. It is not a prediction of what will definitely happen. No doctor can be fully certain about an outcome.

Your prognosis depends on:

  • The type and location of the cancer

  • The stage of the cancer

  • Your overall health

  • Your treatment decisions

What Is A 5

Time trends and age

A relative survival rate compares women with the same type and stage of cervical cancer to women in the overall population. For example, if the 5-year relative survival rate for a specific stage of cervical cancer is 90%, it means that women who have that cancer are, on average, about 90% as likely as women who dont have that cancer to live for at least 5 years after being diagnosed.

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How Are Precancerous Lesions Treated

If you have a low-grade lesion, you may not need treatment, especially if your doctor took out the area during a biopsy. Get regular checkups to watch for problems later on.

Your doctor might use LEEP conization, cold knife conization, cryosurgery , cauterization , or laser surgery to destroy the precancerous area with little damage to nearby healthy tissue.

In cryocautery, a steel tool thatâs cooled to subzero temperatures freezes cells on the surface of your cervix. They die and fall off, to be replaced by new cells.

Laser ablation uses a laser beam to destroy cells in areas or layers of cervical tissue, leaving healthy cells in their place.

Youâll need a follow-up exam and Pap smear after cryocautery or laser ablation to make sure all the precancerous cells are gone.

You could also have a hysterectomy, in which your doctor removes your uterus. It will keep you from getting cervical cancer. But because it takes out your reproductive organs, you canât become pregnant afterward.

Localized Cervical Cancer Survival Rate

Cervical cancer is considered to be localized in its early stages, when the cancerous cells havent spread outside of the cervix or uterus. Cancer is most treatable during this stage, which is why it has the highest survival rate.

The 5-year survival rate for localized cervical cancer is 92 percent.

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What Tests Can Check For Cervical Cancer

The tests used to detect cervical cancer are the Pap test and the HPV test. These cervical cancer screenings can find irregular or problematic cells in their earliest form before they have a chance to turn into cancer. When these cells are found early, cervical cancer is highly treatable and less likely to become serious.

Screening for cervical cancer

The goal of cervical cancer screening is to detect cell changes on your cervix before they become cancer. The number of cases and deaths from cervical cancer in the U.S. has decreased significantly since people have been getting regular cervical cancer screenings.

  • Pap test: This test detects abnormal or irregular cells in your cervix.
  • HPV test: This test detects the high-risk types of HPV infection that are most likely to cause cervical cancer.

Your healthcare provider may suggest a combination Pap test/HPV test. This is called co-testing and may be an option for you if you are over 30.

What Are The Most Common Signs And Symptoms Of Cervical Cancer

Cervical cancer death rates

Early stages of cervical cancer don’t usually involve symptoms and are hard to detect. The first signs of cervical cancer may take several years to develop. Finding abnormal cells during cervical cancer screenings is the best way to avoid cervical cancer.

Signs and symptoms of stage 1 cervical cancer can include:

If cancer has spread to nearby tissues or organs, symptoms may include:

  • Difficult or painful urination, sometimes with blood in urine.
  • Diarrhea, or pain or bleeding from your rectum when pooping.
  • Fatigue, loss of weight and appetite.
  • A general feeling of illness.
  • Dull backache or swelling in your legs.
  • Pelvic/abdominal pain.

If you experience abnormal bleeding, vaginal discharge or any other unexplained symptoms, you should have a complete gynecological examination that includes a Pap test.

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Are There Support Groups And Counseling For Cervical Cancer

Living with cervical cancer can present new challenges for you and your loved ones.

You might worry about how it will affect your everyday life. Many people feel anxious or depressed, and some are angry and resentful. Talking about your feelings and concerns can help.

Your friends and family members can be supportive. If you want to talk, let them know. They may be waiting for a cue from you.

Some people don’t want to “burden” their loved ones, or they prefer talking about their concerns with a more neutral professional. A social worker, counselor, or member of the clergy can help.

Many people get a boost from talking with others with similar experiences. Your hospital or medical center might have support groups. The American Cancer Society also has information about support groups all over the U.S.

What Causes Cervical Cancer

Most cervical cancers are caused by the virus HPV, a sexually transmitted infection. HPV spreads through sexual contact and can lead to cancer. Most people will get HPV at some point in their lives and not realize it because their bodies fight the infection. However, if your body doesn’t fight the infection, it can cause the cells of your cervix to change to cancerous cells.

HPV and cervical cancer

There are more than 100 kinds of HPV and about a dozen of them have been shown to lead to cancer. Early detection of these types of HPV is key in preventing cervical cancer. Regular screenings with your healthcare provider can help identify cell changes before they become cancer. The HPV vaccine can help prevent HPV infection by protecting you against the HPV that causes up to 90% of all cervical cancers.

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How To Prevent Cervical Cancer

When cervical cancer is diagnosed early, it is one of the most treatable types of cancer and has a very good prognosis. In fact, many women who are diagnosed with precancerous cervical changes and receive treatment never progress to cervical cancer and go on to live healthy, long lives.

But its important to take preventative measures to lower the risk of a late diagnosis. Fortunately, there are many strategies that can help us prevent cervical cancer or catch it in its earliest stages, including:

A cancer diagnosis is very scary, but its important to remember that modern therapies have made this disease much easier to treat and cure than it was in the past. However, the best way to treat cervical cancer is to prevent it through methods such as HPV vaccination and early screening methods. Getting tested for HPV and other STDs is easier than ever thanks to at-home STD test kits, and an early diagnosis can help ensure your future health. You can learn more about at-home STDtesting at STDWatch.com.

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