Saturday, February 24, 2024

What Does Chemo Therapy Do

Why Does Chemotherapy Cause Side Effects

What Does Chemotherapy Actually Do To Your Body?

Chemotherapy damages cells that divide rapidly, such as cancer cells. However, some normal cells such as blood cells, hair follicles and cells inside the mouth, bowel and reproductive organs also divide rapidly.

When these normal cells are damaged, side effects may occur. Some people have few or mild side effects, while others may feel more unwell. As the body constantly makes new cells, most side effects are temporary. The drugs used for chemotherapy are constantly being improved to give you the best possible outcomes and to reduce potential side effects.

See Managing chemotherapy side effects for more information and talk to your treatment team for tips on dealing with side effects.

Practical Hints For Constipation

  • To help prevent constipation, drink eight to 10 glasses of fluid a day.
  • Take a stool softener such as ducosate sodium, also known as Colace, one tablet once or twice a day. Senekot or Senekot-S also may be suggested. Ask your doctor or nurse for a recommendation.
  • Stay as active as you can. Consistent regular exercise can reduce constipation.
  • If you can tolerate them, try high-fiber foods such as prunes, bran, fruits and vegetables.

Chemotherapy For Dogs: Everything You Need To Know

Your dog has cancer might be the four scariest words a pet parent can hear. After you get that diagnosis, chances are you scarcely hear your vet lay out the treatment options, which likely include chemotherapy. Understanding exactly what this treatment is and how it works, however, will ensure that you make the best decision for your dog. Learn more about what chemotherapy for dogs is, how much it may cost, and what the process will be like for your pet, below.

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What Does Chemotherapy Do

It depends on the kind of cancer you have and how far along it is.

  • Cure: In some cases, the treatment can destroy cancer cells to the point that your doctor can no longer detect them in your body. After that, the best outcome is that they never grow back again, but that doesnât always happen.
  • Control: In some cases, it may only be able to keep cancer from spreading to other parts of your body or slow the growth of cancer tumors.
  • Ease symptoms: In some cases, chemotherapy canât cure or control the spread of cancer and is simply used to shrink tumors that cause pain or pressure. These tumors often continue to grow back.

How Can Diarrhea Last While On Chemo And Between Each Does Should It Stop At Some Point

Chemotherapy means... Klog %

have they checked her stool for c difficile infection?

ask them about sandostatin injections which can help diarrhea.

also she can try Lomotil to see if that helps her diarrhea.

that is not right if she is still having diarrhea.

ask about Lomotil or sandostatin injections or cholestyramine which an be used to fight diarrhea.

let me know if you have other questions.

if done for now, please leave positive rating above the chat box so I can get credit for helping you today

we only get credit for helping clients after positive feedback

you can always reach me with a question for Dr. David in the medicine or oncology categories if you have any other questions

here is my website if you need to reach me again:

there could be peritoneal spread of the lung cancer which can cause ascities fluids and this can irritate the bowels and cause diarrhea.

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When To Call Your Cancer Care Team About Chemo Side Effects

Because your cancer care team will give you lots of information about side effects, you might be more aware of physical changes. Do not take any physical symptoms you have lightly. Some side effects are short-lived and minor, but others may be a sign of serious problems. Make sure you know how to reach someone on your team any time, including after hours, weekends, and holidays.

Contact your cancer care team right away if you have any of the following symptoms during chemo treatment:

  • A fever higher than what your cancer care team has instructed
  • Bleeding or unexplained bruising

Practical Hints For Menopausal Symptoms

  • If you have breast cancer, we DON’T recommend hormone replacement therapy.
  • Eat soy products or take vitamin E to reduce hot flashes.
  • Your doctor may recommend prescription medications for hot flashes.
  • Wear light cotton pajamas to help prevent overheating when sleeping.
  • Use vaginal moisturizers on a regular basis or other water-based lubricants as needed, especially during and before sexual activity. These products will help with vaginal dryness and irritation.

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How Long Does The Treatment Last

Your treatment schedule will depend on your type of cancer, how advanced it is, and how well your body is responding to treatment. Chemotherapy treatments may be given daily, weekly, or monthly. Most treatments require recovery time afterward.

Ask your medical team how to best prepare for your first chemotherapy appointment. It could take several hours, so make a plan to eat a light meal or snack before you go. Ask your doctor if there is any reason that you should avoid food before treatment.

Be Proactive About Nausea

How does chemotherapy work? – Hyunsoo Joshua No

Nausea is a common side effect of chemotherapy. However, there are several steps that you can take to limit nausea, such as:

  • taking any anti-nausea medications exactly as prescribed and not waiting until you feel nauseous
  • selecting foods that are appetizing or appealing to you at the time
  • limiting foods that may upset your stomach, such as fatty, spicy, or sugary foods
  • focusing on blander food options, such as dry toast, bananas, and plain yogurt
  • avoiding foods with very strong odors, such as garlic, onions, and coffee

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Chemotherapy In Combination With Other Cancer Treatments

There are other types of drugs besides chemotherapy that also treat cancer, such as hormone therapy, immunotherapy, and targeted therapy. Sometimes oncologists use chemotherapy alongside another type of drug in a person’s treatment plan. These categories of drugs work in different ways to treat cancer, and their side effects are usually different than chemotherapy. Talk with your health care team about what to expect with your specific prescriptions.

Hormone therapy.Hormone therapy is a type of cancer treatment that removes, blocks, or adds specific hormones to the body. It is also called hormonal therapy or endocrine therapy. Hormone therapy can be used to treat several types of cancer.

Immunotherapy. This type of treatment helps your body’s natural defenses fight the cancer. Immunotherapy has developed rapidly during the last few years, and is now an important part of treatment for several types of cancer.

Targeted therapy. These treatments target and disable genes or proteins found in cancer cells that the cancer cells need to grow. Targeted therapy can treat many types of cancer.

What To Expect During Chemotherapy

Having your first chemotherapy treatment can be scary, but knowing what to expect can help lessen any anxiety you might be feeling.

Bringing a friend or family member with you can help because they can provide support and be an extra set of ears for information that is given to you by your providers about your treatments and side effects.

In some cases, you will also need a ride home because you might be given medications that can make you sleep during your treatment.

Once you have arrived at the place where you will receive your treatment, you may have to meet with your oncologist or other health professionals. They will check your vital signs, including your blood pressure, pulse, breathing, and temperature.

Your height and weight will also be taken to help make sure that the proper dose of chemotherapy is given to you.

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When Is Chemotherapy Given

Chemotherapy usually involves multiple doses of treatment over a period of time. These treatments are given on a specific schedule. The goal of the schedule is to maximize the work of the medicine and to give the body a chance to recover.

The medical team will decide:

  • How many days in a row the medication is given
  • Number of rest days between doses of chemotherapy
  • Number of cycles

Achemotherapy cycleis the number of days in a row of treatment plus the number of rest days. The number of cycles that are prescribed make up acourse of chemotherapy.

Depending on the type of chemotherapy and patient health, chemotherapy may be given in a hospital, clinic, or at home.

What Is Chemotherapy And Why Would My Dog Need It

Its Chemo Day  Geoff Fox: My Permanent Record

Chemotherapy is a term given to a group of drugs that have the ability to kill cancer cells in dogs. The specific medication or combination will depend on the type of cancer your dog has, as well as his overall health. Your vet will monitor the chemotherapy treatment to ensure that it is working well with minimal side effects. If not, he or she might try another drug or change the dosage and frequency.

Chemotherapy is often prescribed for one of the most common cancers in dogs, lymphoma, as well as for some other malignancies.

Chemotherapy is recommended for cancers that either have already spread to other areas of the body or are known to have a high potential for metastasis, said Dr. Lisa Barber, assistant professor of oncology and chemotherapy at Tufts Universitys Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine.

Dr. Joanne Intile, staff oncologist at the East End Veterinary Emergency and Specialty Center in Riverhead, N.Y., said that the use of chemotherapy depends on the type of cancer and other factors. The ultimate recommendation depends on whether it is a single tumor on the skin, whether we can do surgery, if it is more widespread or the dog isnt a good candidate for surgery, she said.

The goal of chemotherapy in animals is different than for humans, which is why treatment is less aggressive. With pets, the primary goal of chemotherapy is to provide your cat or dog with the best quality of life for as long as possible.

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What Are The Side Effects Of Chemotherapy In Dogs

Side effects for dogs are milder and generally last for a shorter period of time than for humans receiving chemotherapy because dogs are given less-aggressive treatment, Intile said. In fact, 75 to 80 percent of dogs have no side effects, she said. When present, typical side effects include loss of appetite, vomiting and diarrhea.

Less than five percent will suffer those effects more severely and will need to be brought into the vet to receive fluids, she said. There may be little windows of time to restrict activity, maybe days three to five . But we dont want you to put your dog in a bubble. Our goal is for your pet to have a totally normal lifestyle, she said.

If symptoms do not resolve in a day or two, call your veterinarian.

What causes side effects is the indiscriminate nature of chemotherapy drugs, which kill both normal and abnormal cells in an innocent bystander effect, Barber said. Such indiscriminate destruction can affect your dogs bone marrow, which produces blood cells. The most common problem that we see is low white blood cell counts. The white blood cells are the first line of defense against infection, and a low white blood cell count can put dogs at risk for infections, she said.

Other Types Of Chemotherapy

Less commonly, chemotherapy may be given as:

  • injections under the skin, known as subcutaneous chemotherapy
  • injections into a muscle, known as intramuscular chemotherapy
  • injections into the spine, known as intrathecal chemotherapy

During chemotherapy treatment, there are some important things to be aware of.

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There Will Be First Chemo Treatment Side Effects

You may feel side effects of your first chemo treatment in the hours after your session. Most are temporary, but plan on resting so your body can begin the recovery process.

Chemo treatment side effectssome of which you may experience after your first treatment, others not until several sessionscan include:

  • Fatigue: You may feel tired or very fatigued the day after your first treatment. This differs from tiredness that can be cured with sleep. It may feel like profound lack of energy you can’t seem to shake.
  • Nausea and vomiting: It is normal to experience nausea and vomiting after chemo.
  • Gastrointestinal symptoms: You may be constipated or have diarrhea after chemo.
  • Sore mouth: Sometimes chemo can make your mouth feel dry and sore.
  • Flu-like symptoms: You may have aches and pains a few days after your first treatment that feel similar to flu symptoms.
  • Insomnia: It’s common to have trouble falling asleep or to wake often at night when you’re on chemo.
  • Hair loss: Hair loss is a common side effect of chemotherapy, but you won’t experience it immediately after your first treatment. It usually begins 2 to 4 weeks later.
  • Memory problems or problems concentrating: Chemotherapy can cause cognitive problems like short-term memory loss or trouble concentrating.

If you feel mentally foggy from the medications you’ve taken, let your healthcare provider know.

Radiation Therapy Combined With Surgery

How does cancer chemotherapy work?

There is ongoing discussion regarding the relative benefits of pre-operative and post-operative radiation. Both have their advantages and disadvantages. The outcome is dependent on the individual characteristics of the tumor and patient. In theory, cancer cells are growing faster before they are disturbed by surgery. At this time they should be more susceptible to radiation than in the postoperative, potentially oxygen-poor state. However, each patient’s case must be assessed individually to determine the best treatment method.5

Preoperative radiation therapy:The goal of this procedure is to kill tumor cells, shrinking the tumors and reducing the risk of metastases. Shrinking tumors with radiation may allow surgeons to remove tumors that were previously inoperable. The dosage for this procedure is usually moderate and it is used for medium-sized or advanced tumors of the head and neck, colorectum, bladder, soft-tissue sarcomas, and others.

  • lowers risk of local recurrence and distant metastases.
  • possibly obscures the extent of the tumor due to shrinkage and destruction of the margins of the tumor this may impact the effectiveness of surgery.
  • delay of surgery may cause anxiety in some patients
  • increases risk of postoperative complications.
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    Which Chemotherapy Drug Will I Have

    Not all cancers are treated with the same chemotherapy drugs. Different drugs affect the cancer cells in different ways. The drugs you are given and the way they are given will depend on the type of cancer you have.

    You may have one chemotherapy drug or a combination of different drugs. When a combination of drugs is used, each drug is chosen for its different effects.

    There are many different chemotherapy drugs and new drugs are being developed all the time. You may be invited to take part in a clinical trial.

    Other anti-cancer drugs are used to treat cancer. For example, drugs called targeted therapies are directed at certain parts of the cancer cell and work differently to chemotherapy. These drugs can be given on their own or in combination with chemotherapy drugs.

    You can search for information about a chemotherapy drug or combination of drugs on our Treatments and drugs A to Z page.

    Your treatment is planned by a cancer doctor. This doctor is an expert in treating people with chemotherapy, and other cancer treatments and drugs. You may also see a chemotherapy specialist nurse or a pharmacist.

    They will tell you:

    How often you have chemotherapy, how it is given, and how long your course takes depends on:

    Is Chemotherapy Painful

    Chemotherapy should cause no discomfort, although having a needle inserted into a vein may feel like giving blood.

    The initial injection for a temporary tube may be uncomfortable.

    If at any time a chemotherapy injection hurts or burns, immediately tell the nurse who is giving you the drug.

    If after your treatment you notice some tenderness develop over the injection site, contact the chemotherapy unit immediately.

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    The Power Of Positivity

    Azuka Zuke Obi Author/Motivational Speaker

    Keeping A Positive Attitude While Going Through Cancer Treatment

    Every single day is an opportunity to be grateful. It is a gift and must be treasured and appreciated. Life at times can come with challenges some of which we cannot control. Over time, humans have been faced with the great challenge posed by Cancer. Today, research is going on to find a cure, but until such a time we must do our best in the management and containment of this dreaded illness. Cancer treatment entails a lot and can be very challenging and it can take its toll on the patient. But no matter what treatment one is going through, it is very imperative to keep a positive attitude before treatment, during treatment, and through recovery. We suggest finding something to be happy or grateful about. Find that good feeling thought and milk it for all its worth.

    A positive attitude creates an atmosphere of healing and keeps the body in a positive frame of mind especially when one is undergoing cancer treatment.

    While undergoing cancer treatment, there will be a number of things that will come up that threaten the patients joy. No matter what they are, positive attitude is the key here. There are a few things that can happen when one is undergoing cancer treatment.

    How Will I Know If Chemotherapy Is Working

    Mind The Gap A

    You will see your doctor often. During these visits, they will ask you how you feel, do a physical exam, and order medical tests and scans. Tests might include blood tests. Scans might include MRI, CT, or PET scans.

    You cannot tell if chemotherapy is working based on its side effects. Some people think that severe side effects mean that chemotherapy is working well, or that no side effects mean that chemotherapy is not working. The truth is that side effects have nothing to do with how well chemotherapy is fighting your cancer.

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